The Hamster pp 99-118 | Cite as

Pineal—Reproductive Interactions

  • Russel J. Reiter


The Syrian hamster has been an extremely valuable experimental animal for clarifying the role of the pineal gland in the control of reproductive physiology. It was the first mammalian species in which a functional link between the pineal gland and the reproductive system was unequivocally established. The first of these reports appeared in the mid-1960s (Czyba et al., 1964; Hoffman and Reiter, 1965a, 1966). In order to appreciate how little was known of the pineal—reproductive interactions only 15 years ago, the reader is referred to a chapter (Reiter and Hoffman, 1968) that appeared in the predecessor of the present book. In this review only four papers concerned with the influence of the pineal gland on sexual physiology are cited. In the intervening years numerous workers have utilized the Syrian hamster to define not only the interaction of the pineal secretory products with the reproductive system, but the mechanisms involved as well (Reiter, 1980a,b, 1981b; Stetson and Tate-Ostroff, 1981). It is the advances within the last 15 years that will receive primary consideration in the present resume.


Luteinizing Hormone Pineal Gland Syrian Hamster Melatonin Receptor Male Hamster 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Russel J. Reiter
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cellular and Structural BiologyThe University of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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