The Discriminate Control of a Food-Reinforced Operant by Interoceptive Stimulation

  • Charles R. Schuster
  • Joseph V. Brady


In 1928 By kov and Ivanova provided the first demonstration that interoceptive stimulation could become a conditioned stimulus in a classical conditioning paradigm (Bykov, 1957). Utilizing the classical conditioning technique, Bykov and his co-workers have subsequently demonstrated the existence of interoceptors in a wide variety of organs and tissues in the body. The extent of general scientific interest in this area is indicated by the fact that Bykov’s major report of his thirty-year program on interoception has been translated into more foreign languages than any other Russian book in the field of medicine or biology (Razran, 1961).


Conditioned Stimulus Superior Vena Infusion Period Control Infusion Cumulative Record 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles R. Schuster
    • 1
  • Joseph V. Brady
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Division of Behavioral BiologyThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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