Neutron Scattering from Defects in Materials

  • Roger J. Stewart
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB)


The importance of neutron scattering in the study of defects in materials is that provides structural information about inhomogeneities ranging in scale from a few Angstoma up to defect regions with dimensions of the order of 5000Å in bulk specimens. Such a wide range encompasses point defects (vacancies, interstitials and substitutional impurities) and their associated strain fields up to clusters of point defects (e.g. voids) or precipitates of second phase elements in an alloy or indeed any positional or compositional disorder. It is a complimentary technique to electron microscopy which provides very detailed information on the defect structure in real space over tiny localised volumes in the specimen. Neutron scattering provides a diffraction pattern of defect structure averaged over a volume of up to a few cubic centimeters. Of course a diffraction pattern cannot be unequivocally translated into real space, but this is balanced by the ability to investtigate the defect structure throughout a large volume of a sample in a relatively short time (a few minutes on a high flux neutron source).


Neutron Beam Small Angle Neutron Scattering Defect Cluster Crystal Phonon Scatter Length Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. A11en,O.K.., Messoloras,S., Stewart,R.J. and Kostorz,G. 1978 J. Appl, Crystallogr. 11, 578Google Scholar
  2. Baur,R. and Gerold,V, 1964 Acta. Metall, 12, 1449CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Clark,C.D., Mitchell,E.W.J. and Stewart,R.J. 1971 Cryst. Lat. Defects 2, 105Google Scholar
  4. Dusic,M., Messoloras,S, and Stewart,R.J. 1985 Met. Sc. & Techn. to be pub.Google Scholar
  5. Eshelby,J.D. 1956 Solid State Physics 3, 79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Guinier,A. 1937 C.R. Hebd. Seance Acad, Sci., Paris 204, 1115Google Scholar
  7. Gupta,S., Mitchell,E.W.J,, Stewart,R.J, & Kostorz,G. 1978 Phil.Mag. A37, 227CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. James,R.W, 1962 Optical Principles of the Diffraction of X-rays, Wiley, p470Google Scholar
  9. Koester,L. and Yelon,W.B. 1982 Neutron Diffraction Newsletter, Argonne Natl. Lab., IL 60439, U.S.A.Google Scholar
  10. Kostorz,G. 1979 In Treatise on materials science and technology Ed. H. Herman, Volume 15, 227 ( Academic Press, New York )Google Scholar
  11. Kostorz,G. 1983 In Physical Metallurgy 3rd. edition. Editors R.W.Cah.n & P.Haasen ( North Holland, Amsterdam ) p793Google Scholar
  12. Larkins,F.P. and Stoneham,A.M. 1971 J. Phys. C 4, 143ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Livingston,F.M., Messoloras,S., Newman,R.C., Pike,B.C,, Stewart,R.J., ‘BinnsGoogle Scholar
  14. M.J., Brown, W.P. and Wilkes,J.G. 1984 J. Phys. C 17, 6253ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lovesey,S.W. 1984 Theory of neutron scattering from condensed matter, Vol 1 Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  16. Messoloras,S. 1974 Ph.D. Thesis, University of Reading, EnglandGoogle Scholar
  17. Messoloras,S., Pike,B.C., Stewart,R.J. and Windsor,C.G, 1984 Metal Science 18, 311CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Messoloras,S,, Kinder,S,, Newman,R.C., Stewart,R.J., Bergholtz,W., Booker, R. and Hutchins,J. 1985 to be publishedGoogle Scholar
  19. Miller,R.J.R., Messoloras,S., Stewart,R.J, and Kostorz 1978 J. Appl. Crystallogr, 11, 583Google Scholar
  20. Mitchell,E.W.J. and Stewart,R.J. 1980 Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 8290, 511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Porod,G. 1982 In “Small angle x-ray scattering” Editors O,Glatter & O.Kratky ( Academic Press, London ) p17Google Scholar
  22. Rouse,K.D. and Cooper,M.J. 1970 Acta. Cryst. A26, 682CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Schmatz,W, 1973 In “Treatise on materials science and technology” Ed. H. Herman, Volume 2, 105 ( Academic Press, New York )Google Scholar
  24. Schmatz,W. 1984 In “Methods of experimental physics” Vol 21, 147 ( Academic Press, New York )Google Scholar
  25. Synecek,V. 1962 J. Phys. Radium, 23, 828CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger J. Stewart
    • 1
  1. 1.J. J. Thomson Physical LaboratoryUniversity of ReadingReadingEngland

Personalised recommendations