Potential Delivery of Contraceptive Agents to the Female Reproductive Tract

  • David L. Gardner
  • David J. Fink
  • Craig R. Hassler


Vaginal contraceptives have played a positive role in fertility planning for years. Prior to the introduction of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and oral contraceptives (OCs), jellies, creams, and suppositories were used, sometimes in conjunction with the diaphragm or condom, but usually they served as the sole barrier.1 The higher failure rates of the vaginal contraceptives in relation to other contraceptive devices (IUDs and OCs) were believed to be due primarily to the inconsistent use of the method rather than to failure of the method during use.


Fallopian Tube Reproductive Tract Contraceptive Agent Female Reproductive Tract Carrier Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • David L. Gardner
    • 1
  • David J. Fink
    • 1
  • Craig R. Hassler
    • 1
  1. 1.Battelle Columbus LaboratoriesColumbusUSA

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