Controlled-Release Organotin Pesticides Biochemistry : Toxicology : Environmental Factors

  • Nate Cardarelli
  • William Evans
  • Daniel Smith


Organotin compounds have long been used as pesticidal agents in antifouling preparations, agricultural fungicides and miticides, mildewcides, and bactericides. Trialkyl organotins were incorporated in elastomers as early as 1964 and long-term (over ten years) protection against marine fouling observed in commercial applications.1,2 Evaluation of such compounds showed considerable merit as molluscicides.3 Small-scale field evaluations of bis tri-n-butyltin oxide, “TBTO”, and tributyltin fluoride, “TBTF” slowly released from natural rubber and other elastomers demonstrated successful long-term snail controls.1,4,5


Natural Rubber Organotin Compound Bioactive Material Digestive Tissue Pesticide Formulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nate Cardarelli
    • 1
  • William Evans
    • 1
  • Daniel Smith
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental Management LaboratoryUniversity of AkronUSA
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of AkronUSA

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