Conditioning pp 567-579 | Cite as

The Neural Integration of Feeding and Drinking Habits

  • John Garcia
  • Kenneth W. Rusiniak
  • Stephen W. Kiefer
  • Federico Bermudez-Rattoni
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 26)


For the rat, the interaction of food-related cues and the visceral feedback following ingestion largely determines future consummatory behavior. In early work (Garcia & Koelling, 1966), it was shown that taste cues were most readily associated with illness; conditioned taste aversions were formed after only a single taste-illness experience. Unlike most other demonstrations of classical conditioning, the delay between the taste conditioned stimulus (CS) and the illness unconditioned stimulus (US) could be an hour or more and strong taste aversions still would be formed. In contrast to tastes, an audio-visual signal was a poor CS for illness conditioning, acquiring little or no aversive properties following a single toxic US. If footshock was used as a US, the converse obtained. An audio-visual CS was readily associated with footshock US whereas taste was a poor CS in shock avoidance conditioning.


Conditioned Stimulus Unconditioned Stimulus Taste Aversion Neural Integration Odor Aversion 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Garcia
    • 1
  • Kenneth W. Rusiniak
    • 1
  • Stephen W. Kiefer
    • 1
  • Federico Bermudez-Rattoni
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and Mental Retardation Research CenterUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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