Advertisement

Conditioning pp 345-361 | Cite as

Behavioral Modification of Response Characteristics of Cells in the Auditory System

  • Josef M. Miller
  • Bryan E. Pfingst
  • Allen F. Ryan
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 26)

Summary

Response characteristics of cells in the auditory cortex and along the auditory pathway are significantly different in monkeys performing a behavioral task than in nonperforming monkeys. The differences, which include probability of response, evoked discharge rate, response latency, and response pattern, may be due to a number of behavioral as well as physiological factors. While some of the modifications may be related to conditioning and learning, most are more simply explained in terms of generalized or specific “arousal” or “attention.” We will briefly review our work of the last ten years on questions related to response modification of cells of the auditory system with training and performance, and speculate on the possible mechanisms that underlie these changes.

Keywords

Receptive Field Auditory Cortex Auditory System Inferior Colliculus Cochlear Nucleus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beaton, R., and Miller, J. M., 1975, Single cell activity in the auditory cortex of the unanesthetized, behaving monkey: correlation with stimulus controlled behavior, Brain Res. 100: 543.Google Scholar
  2. Evarts, E. V., 1960, Effects of sleep and waking on spontaneous and evoked discharge of single units in visual cortex, Federation Proc. 19: 828.Google Scholar
  3. Evarts, E. V., 1964, Temporal patterns of discharge of pyramidal tract neurons during sleep and waking in the monkey, J. Neurophysiol. 27: 152.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Evarts, E. V., 1968, A technique for recording activity of subcortical neurons in moving animals, Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 24:83.Google Scholar
  5. Harrison, J. M., and Howe, M. E., 1974, Anatomy of the descending auditory system (mammalian), in: “Handbook of Sensory Physiology,” Vol. V, Auditory System, W. D. Keidel and W. D. Neff, eds., Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Hayes, R. L., Dubner, R., and Hoffman, D. S., 1981, Neuronal activity in medullary dorsal horn of awake monkeys trained in a thermal discrimination task. II. Behavioral modulation of responses to thermal and mechanical stimuli, J. Neurophysiol. 46: 428.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Hubel, D. H., 1959, Single unit activity in striate cortex of unrestrained cats, J. Physiol. (Lond.) 147: 226.Google Scholar
  8. Jones, E. G., and Burton, H., 1976, Areal differences in the laminar distribution of thalamic afferents in cortical fields of the insular, parietal and temporal regions of primates, J. Comp. Neurol. 168:249.Google Scholar
  9. Kiang, N. Y. S., Morest, D. K., Godfrey, D. A., Guinan, J. J. Jr., and Kane, E. C., 1973, Stimulus coding at caudal levels of the cat’s auditory nervous system: I. Response characteristics of single units, in: “Basic Mechanisms in Hearing,” A. R. Moller, ed., Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Lorente de No, R., 1981, “The Primary Acoustic Nuclei,” Raven Press, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Marshall, L., and Brandt, J. F., 1980, The relationship between loudness and reaction time in normal hearing listeners, Acta Oto-laryng. (Stockh.) 90: 244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Miller, J. M., 1971, Single unit discharges in behaving monkeys, in: “The Physiology of the Auditory System,” M. B. Sachs, ed., National Educational Consultants, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  13. Miller, J. M., Dobie, R. A., Pfingst, B. E., and Hienz, R. D., 1980, Electrophysiologic studies of the auditory cortex in the awake monkey, Amer. J. Otolaryng. 1: 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Miller, J. M., and Sutton, D., 1976, Techniques for recording single cell activity in the unanesthetized monkey, in: “Handbook of Auditory and Vestibular Research Methods,” C. A. Smith and J. A. Vernon, eds., Thomas, Springfield.Google Scholar
  15. Miller, J. M., Sutton, D., Pfingst, B., Ryan, A., Beaton, R., and Gourevitch, G., 1972, Single cell activity in the auditory cortex of rhesus monkeys: behavioral dependency, Science 177: 449.Google Scholar
  16. Moody, D. B., 1970, Reaction time as an index of sensory function, in: “Animal Psychophysics: The Design and Conduct of Sensory Experiments,” W. C. Stebbins, ed., Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York.Google Scholar
  17. Pandya, D. N., and Sanides, F., 1973, Architectonic parcellation of the temporal operculum in rhesus monkey and its projection pattern, Z. Anat. Entwickl.-Gesch. 139:127.Google Scholar
  18. Pfeiffer, R. R., 1966, Classification of response patterns of spike discharges for units in the cochlear nucleus: tone-burst stimulation, Exp. Brain Res., 1, 220.Google Scholar
  19. Pfingst, B. E., Hienz, R., Kimm, J., and Miller, J. M., 1975a, Reaction time procedure for measurement of hearing: I. Suprathreshold functions, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 57: 421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pfingst, B. E., Hienz, R., and Miller, J. M., 1975b, Reaction time procedure for measurement of hearing: II. Threshold functions, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 57: 431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pfingst, B. E., and O’Connor, T. A., 1980, A vertical stereotaxic approach to auditory cortex in the unanesthetized monkey, J. Neurosci. Meth. 2:33.Google Scholar
  22. Pfingst, B. E., O’Connor, T. A., and Miller, J. M., 1977, Response plasticity of neurons in auditory cortex of the rhesus monkey, Exp. Brain Res. 29:393.Google Scholar
  23. Ryan, A., and Miller, J., 1977, Effects of behavioral performance on single unit firing patterns in inferior colliculus of the rhesus monkey, J. Neurophysiol. 40: 943.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Stebbins, W. C., 1966, Auditory reaction time and the derivation of equal loudness contours for the monkey, J. Exp. Anal. Behay. 9:135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josef M. Miller
    • 1
  • Bryan E. Pfingst
    • 1
  • Allen F. Ryan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology and Regional Primate Research CenterUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations