Incubation and Hatchery Management

  • Carmen R. Parkhurst
  • George J. Mountney


Poultry is suited to mass production techniques because poultry numbers can be expanded faster than other livestock species by artificial incubation. Once an egg is laid, all ties with the mother are severed. From that point on, the embryo develops independently, since a complete balanced set of nutrients is stored in each egg.


Chick Embryo Primitive Streak Poultry Meat Shell Membrane Franchise System 
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  1. Anonymous. 1976. From Egg to Chick, a 4-H Manual of Embryology and Incubation. NE Coop. Pub./NE, University of Maryland, College Park, MD.Google Scholar
  2. Romanoff, A. L., and Romanoff, A. J. 1949. The Avian Egg. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Romanoff, A. L., and Romanoff, A. J. 1967. Biochemistry of the Avian Embryo. Interscience Publishers, New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Van Nostrand Reinhold 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen R. Parkhurst
    • 1
  • George J. Mountney
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Poultry ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  2. 2.United States Department of AgricultureCooperative State Research ServiceUSA

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