Mass production of chicken eggs has become a highly efficient, competitive enterprise. Several farms in the United States now have over two million birds on a single farm. The following example illustrates the complexity of these operations. To set up and operate a 300,000 layer farm requires an investment of over two and one-half million dollars. The hens consume about 35 tons of feed a day and 16,000 gal of water. They produce 75,000 lb of manure and 600 cases of eggs daily. Equipment consists of 4–5 miles of watering troughs or cups, 14 miles of feeders, 14 miles of egg belts, and several hundred fans and electric motors. Only one person is required to handle 100,000 birds.
KeywordsPoultry Meat Open Housing Automatic Feeder Cage Operator Darkling Beetle
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