Phase Representation of Intense Photon Beams and Its Applications

  • Iwo Bialynicki-Birula


Ever since its introduction by Dirac in his classic paper on the quantum theory of radiationa,(1) the phase of the quantized electromagnetic field has been the subject of intensive studies and even some controversies. Extensive reviews of these problems with emphasis on the proper mathematical description have been given by Carruthers and Nieto(2) and by Paul.(3)


Electromagnetic Field Atomic System Quantum Electrodynamic Photon Beam Quantum Harmonic Oscillator 
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    P. Carruthers and M. Nieto, Rev. Mod. Phvs. 40, 411 (1968).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1980

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iwo Bialynicki-Birula
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Theoretical PhysicsWarsaw UniversityWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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