Native Pests: The Impact of Deer in Highly Fragmented Habitats

  • Roger C. Anderson


Destruction of native habitat due to conversion to agriculture, logging, and urbanization, and subsequent fragmentation of the remaining habitat, has affected many species negatively (Guttenspergen 1983). Affected organisms include those dependent upon large blocks of habitat such as forest interior birds (Robbins 1980, Robbins et al. 1989), and large predators including the gray wolf (Fritts and Carbyn 1995) and grizzly bear. Other species like the North American bison required large blocks of habitat (Risser 1990), and they also may have migrated from summer to winter ranges (Dary 1974). Such migration would have been disrupted by habitat fragmentation. Even populations of perennial plant species persisting and reproducing in fragmented habitats can experience decline in genetic heterozygosity. These isolated populations, with limited gene flow, are threatened with local extirpation (White et al. 1983).


Sugar Maple Stem Height Deer Population Fragmented Habitat Deer Density 
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© Chapman & Hall 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger C. Anderson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesIllinois State UniversityNormalUSA

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