The Relation Between Baseline Slow Wave Sleep and the Slow Wave Sleep Response to Alcohol in Alcoholics

  • Milton M. Gross
  • John M. Hastey
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 59)

Abstract

Important advances in the psychophysiological studies of sleep, triggered by the breakthroughs of Aserinsky and Kleitman (1953) and Dement and Kleitman (1957), led to investigations of the possible relevance of such studies to psychopathology. In alcoholics, striking departures from normal sleep psychophysiology were observed during and following acute intoxication and withdrawal (see reviews by Johnson, 1971, Gross et al., 1971, Williams and Salamy, 1972 and Gross et al., 1974). The disturbances observed in alcoholics involved the rhythmicity and composition of sleep. Prominent among the disturbances of sleep composition were those involving Slow Wave Sleep (SWS).

Keywords

Alcohol Intake Heavy Drinking Slow Wave Sleep Alcohol Withdrawal Blood Alcohol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, R.P., Wagman, A., Faillace, L.A. and McIntosh, M., 1971. Electroencephalographic (EEG) sleep recovery following pro-longed alcohol intoxication in alcoholics. J. Nerv. and Ment. Dis. 153:424–433.Google Scholar
  2. Aserinsky, E. and Kleitman, N., 1953. Regularly occurring periods of eye motility and concomitant phenomena during sleep. Science 118:273–274.Google Scholar
  3. Dement, W.C. and Kleitman, N., 1957 Cyclic variations in EEG during sleep and their relation to eye movements, body motil-ity, and dreaming. Electroenceph. Clin. Neurophysiol. 9: 673–690.Google Scholar
  4. Gross, M.M., Goodenough, D.R., Tobin, M., Halpert, E., Lepore, D., Perlstein, A., Sirota, M., DiBianco, J., Fuller, R. and Kishner, I., 1966. Sleep disturbances and hallucinations in the acute alcoholic psychoses. J. Nerv. and Ment. Dis. 142: 493–514.Google Scholar
  5. Gross, M.M. and Goodenough, D.R., 1968. Sleep disturbances in the acute alcoholic psychoses. In: Psychiatric Research Report 24, pp. 132–147, American Psychiatric Association, New York.Google Scholar
  6. Gross, M.M., Goodenough, D.R., Hastey, J.M., Rosenblatt, S.M. and Lewis, E., 1971. Sleep disturbances in alcohol intoxication and withdrawal. In: (Eds.) N.K. Mello and J.H. Mendelson, Recent Advances in Studies of Alcoholism, pp. 317–397, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  7. Gross, M.M., 1973. Sensory Superactivity: A preliminary report on an hypothetical model for an hallucinogenic mechanism in alcohol withdrawal. In: (Ed.) M.M. Gross, Alcohol Intoxica-tion and Withdrawal: Experimental Studies, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Vol. 35, pp. 321–330, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  8. Gross, M.M., Goodenough, D.R., Nagarajan, M. and Hastey, J.M., 1973. Sleep changes induced by 4 and 6 days of experimentalGoogle Scholar
  9. alcoholization and withdrawal in humans. In: (Ed.) M.M. Gross, Alcohol Intoxication and Withdrawal: Experimental Studies, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Vol. 35, pp. 291–304, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Gross, M.M., Lewis, E. and Hastey, J., 1974. Acute alcohol with-drawal syndrome. In: (Eds.) B. Kissin and H. Begleiter, The Biology of Alcoholism, Vol. 3, pp. 191–264, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  11. Gross, M.M., Hastey, J.M., Lewis, E. and Young, N. (This volume) Slow Wave Sleep and carry-over of functional tolerance and physical dependence in alcoholics.Google Scholar
  12. Gross, M.M. and Best, S. (This volume) Behavioral concomitantsof the relationship between baseline Slow Wave Sleep and carry-over of tolerance and dependence in alcoholics.Google Scholar
  13. Johnson, L.C., 1971. Sleep patterns in chronic alcoholics. In: (Eds.) N.K. Mello and J.H. Mendelson, Recent Advances in Studies of Alcoholism, pp. 288–316, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  14. Johnson, L.C., Burdick, J.A. and Smith, J., 1970. Sleep during alcohol intake and withdrawal in the chronic alcoholic. Arch. Gen. Psychiat. 22:406–418.Google Scholar
  15. Lester, B.K., Rundell, O.H., Cowden, L.C. and Williams, H.L., 1973. Chronic alcoholism,Alcohol and sleep. In: (Ed.) M.M. Gross, Alcohol Intoxication and Withdrawal: Experimental Studies Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, Vol • 35, pp. 261–279, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Rechtschaffen, A. and Kales, A., 1968. A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring System for Sleep Stages of Human Subjects U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  17. Wagman, A. and Allen, R.P. (This volume) Effects of alcohol ingestion and abstinence on Slow Wave Sleep of alcoholics.Google Scholar
  18. Williams, H.L. and Salamy, A., 1972. Alcohol and sleep. In: (Eds.) B. Kissin and H. Begleiter, The Biology of Alcoholism, Vol. 2, pp. 435–483, Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Zarcone, V., Barchas, J., Hoddes, E., Montplaisir, J., Sack, R. and Wilson, R. (This volume) Experimental ethanol ingestion: Sleep variables and metabolites of Dopamine and Serotonin in the cerebrospinal fluid.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Milton M. Gross
    • 1
  • John M. Hastey
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence Dept. of PsychiatryDownstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA

Personalised recommendations