Body Composition in Control, Alcoholic and Depressive Individuals Using a Multiple Isotope Technique and Whole Body Counting of Potassium

  • David MacSweeney
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 59)


The most clinically useful classification of alcoholics currently available derives from the work of Winokur and his associates (Winokur, Reich, Rimmer and Pitts, 1970). They divided alcoholics into three main groups:-
  1. (1)

    Primary alcoholics (those who had become addicted to alcohol without pre-existing depression, sociopathy, anxiety neurosis, hysteria, or schizophrenia).

  2. (2)

    Depression-alcoholics who had clearcut episodes of depression without pre-existing alcoholism, sociopathy etc. and

  3. (3)

    Sociopathy alcoholics, those who had histories of police problems “with early onset of excessive fighting, delinquency, job trouble, sexual promiscuity, wanderlust, or periods of being a ‘runaway’ ”.



Body Composition Total Body Water Primary Alcoholic Exchangeable Sodium Total Body Potassium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • David MacSweeney
    • 1
  1. 1.Academic Department of PsychiatryMiddlesex Hospital Medical SchoolLondon W.1.UK

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