General Systems Methodology and Political Science

  • Roger Cavallo
  • Eduard Ziegenhagen
Part of the NATO Conference Series book series (NATOCS, volume 5)


As part of an earlier presentation to this congress Cavallo and Klir characterized the situation regarding the role of general systems research with respect to the social sciences. Fundamental to their presentation was an attitude toward epistemology and science which places primary emphasis on the process-related aspects of research and knowledge acquisition rather than on the finished-research-report status accorded to “theory” by many positivist accounts. In this regard their position parallels that of the physicist Werner Heisenberg who perceived that “in the development of natural science [it] will be rather the exception than the rule… [that a] sentence belongs to a closed system of concepts and axioms [Heisenberg 1958].” Their development of the notion of a general systems problem solver (GSPS), which is methodologically oriented, is based on a view also similar to that of a Nobel physicist, Neils Bohr, who argues that “physics is to be regarded not so much as the study of something a priori given, but rather as the development of methods for ordering and surveying human experience [Bohr 1963].”


General System Political Science Instantaneous Sample Positivist Account Terminal System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Cavallo
    • 1
  • Eduard Ziegenhagen
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Systems Science, School of Advanced TechnologyState University of New YorkBinghamtonUSA
  2. 2.Dept. of Political ScienceState University of New YorkBinghamtonUSA

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