Advertisement

Cavitation in Liquid Cryogens

  • D. K. Edmonds
  • J. Hord
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 14)

Abstract

Cavitation is usually defined as the formation, caused by a reduction in pressure, of a vapor phase within a flowing liquid, or at the interface between a liquid and a solid surface. For incipient cavitation, this definition is somewhat ambiguous because various criterion and methods are used to detect the vapor phase. Incipient cavitation usually refers to the fluid condition where the vapor phase is barely visible to the unaided eye. The visual inception criterion is used because the sensitivity [1–3] of various acoustic detectors can vary appreciably. Pressure and temperature profiles within fully developed cavities recently were measured [4] and are referred to herein as developed-cavitation data.

Keywords

Cavity Length Similarity Equation Saturation Pressure Cavity Shape Measured Cavity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. P. Kittredge, “Detection and Location of Cavitation”, Rept. MATT-142, Plasma Physics Lab., Princeton University, Princeton, N.J. (1962).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. F. Lehman and J. O. Young, ASME J. Basic Eng., 86:275 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. W. Holl, ed., “Discussions — Symposium on Cavitation Research Facilities and Techniques,” presented at Fluids Eng. Div. Conf., Philadelphia, Pa. (May 18–20, 1964).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Hord, D. K. Edmonds, and D. R. Millhiser, “Thermodynamic Depressions Within Cavities and Cavitation Inception in Liquid Hydrogen and Liquid Nitrogen,” NASA Rept. CR-72286 (1968).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Hord, R. B. Jacobs, C. C. Robinson, and L. L. Sparks, ASME J, Eng. Power, 86: 485 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    R. S. Brand, “The Motion of a Plane Evaporation Front in a Superheated Liquid,” Tech. Rept. No. 2, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Conn. (1963).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. A. Clark, “The Thermodynamics of Bubbles,” Tech. Rept. No. 7, Massachusetts Institute of Technologv, Cambridge, Mass. (1956).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. W. Holl and G. F. Wislicenus, ASME J. Basic Eng., 83: 385 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. C. Huppert, W. S. King, and L. B. Stripling, “Some Cavitation Problems in Rocket Propellant Pumps,” presented at ASME Turbo Machinery Conf., Houston, Texas (1959); available from Rocketdyne, Canoga Park, Calif.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. Ya. Karelin, “Cavitation Phenomena in Centrifugal and Axial Pumps,” NASA accession No. N66–14532 (1963).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    W. A. Spraker, ASME J. Eng. Power, 87: 309 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. J. Stepanoff, ASME J. Eng. Power, 86: 195 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. W. Wilcox, P. R. Meng, and R. L. Davis, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 8, Plenum Press, New York (1963), p. 446.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Hollander, ARS J., 32: 1594 (1962).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    T.. F. Gelder, R. S. Ruggeri, and R. D. Moore, “Cavitation Similarity Considerations Based on Measured Pressure and Temperature Depressions in Cavitated Regions of Freon 114”, NASA TN D-3509 (1966).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    I. I. Pinkel, M. J. Hartmann, C. H. Hauser, M. J. Miller, R. S. Ruggeri, and R. F. Soltis, “Pump Technology,” NASA accession No. N66–33672 (1966).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. S. Ruggeri and T. F. Gelder, in: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 9, Plenum Press, New York (1964), p. 304.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. S. Ruggeri, private communication.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    R. S. Ruggeri, R. D. Moore, and T. F. Gelder, “Incipient Cavitation of Ethylene Glycol in a Tunnel Venturi,” NASA TN D-2772 (1965).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. S. Ruggeri and T. F. Gelder, “Effects of Air Content and Water Purity on Liquid Tension at Incipient Cavitation in Venturi Flow,” NASA TN D–1459 (1963).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. S. Ruggeri and T. F. Gelder, “Cavitation and Effective Liquid Tension of Nitrogen in a Tunnel Venturi,” NASA TN–2088 (1964).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    T. F. Gelder, R. D. Moore, and R. S. Ruggeri, “Incipient Cavitation of Freon-114 in a Tunnel Venturi,” NASA TN D–2662 (1965).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Flow Measurement, Chap. 4, Part 5, ASME, New York (1959), p. 17.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. S. Ruggeri and R. D. Moore, “Method for Prediction of Pump Cavitation Performance in Various Liquids,” to be published.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. D. Moore and R. S. Ruggeri, “The Prediction of Thermodynamic Effects of Developed Cavitation Based on Liquid Hydrogen and Freon-114 Data in Scaled Venturis,” to be published.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. K. Edmonds
    • 1
  • J. Hord
    • 1
  1. 1.NBS Institute for Basic StandardsBoulderUSA

Personalised recommendations