Development of High-Efficiency Insulation

  • I. A. Black
  • A. A. Fowle
  • P. E. Glaser
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 5)

Abstract

Superinsulation, maximum-efficiency insulation, super-dewars, multiple-layer insulation, all of these terms denote the developments of insulating systems where the heat transfer mechanism of gas conduction solid-to-solid conduction, and radiation have been reduced to a minimum. Although these insulations have been developed only recently, the methods used to reduce heat flow are not fundamentally new. Dewar demonstrated in 1898 that an evacuated space between two vessels, suitably silvered, forms an. effective barrier by radiation-shielding the evacuated space. Smoluchowski, in his contribution to the kinetic theory of gases, showed in 1910 that thermal insulators more effective than air could be made from fine powders in a moderate vacuum. It is on the basis of the work of these scientists that further developments in insulation for cryogenic vessels have proceeded.

Keywords

Heat Transfer Radiant Heat Transfer Carbon Powder Heat Transfer Mechanism Radiation Shield 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. A. Black
    • 1
  • A. A. Fowle
    • 1
  • P. E. Glaser
    • 1
  1. 1.Arthur D. Little, Inc.CambridgeUSA

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