A Study of Heat and Mass Transfer to Uninsulated Liquid Oxygen Containers

  • D. C. Holten
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 6)


The wide use of liquid oxygen as an oxidant in rocket engines has resulted in an increased interest in low-temperature heat transfer. Storage tanks for this type of application, being uninsulated, contain a boiling-liquid low-temperature sink, which is susceptible to environmental heat inputs and subsequent liquid loss by vaporization, Such losses are difficult to predict due to the complex combination of ambient conditions which exist and the lack of knowledge concerning their combined effects.


Heat Transfer Specific Humidity Mechanical Failure Container Wall Liquid Oxygen 
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    E. R. G. Eckert, Introduction to the Transfer of Heat and Mass, McGraw-Hill Book Co., p. 250, 1950.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E.R.G. Eckert. op. cit. p. 251.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. L. Loper, “Frost Formation upon a thin Aluminum Tank Containing Liquid Oxygen,” to be published ASHRAE Transactions, after January, 1960.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. E. Ruccia and C. M. Mohr, “Atmospheric Heat Transfer to Vertical Tanks -Filled with Liquid-Oxygen,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol.4, K.D. Timmerhaus (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc., New York, 1960.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Holten
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence Radiation LaboratoryUniversity of CaliforniaLivermoreUSA

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