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Dynamic Response of Fluid and Wall Temperatures During Pressurized Discharge of a Liquid from a Container

  • V. S. Arpaci
  • J. A. Clark
  • W. O. Winer
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 6)

Abstract

During the pressurized-discharge of a liquid from a container there is a transient heat transfer interaction between the pressurizing gas and the surfaces on the interior of the container which it wets, including the liquid interface. The outside surfaces of the container may also be subject to a simultaneous heat transfer interaction with an ambient. In addition, a mass transfer interaction can occur at the gas-liquid interface, should the liquid be at a temperature below the saturation temperature of the pressurizing gas. The latter condition occurs in most cryogenic applications where pressurization is accomplished using a gas of the same substance as the liquid, This mass transfer can be estimated [1, 2] and appears not to be large. The principal effect is the identification of the pressurizing gas temperature at the gas-liquid interface as the saturation temperature corresponding to its pressure [3, 4].

Keywords

Heat Transfer Heat Flux Heat Transfer Coefficient Wall Temperature Saturation Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    J. A. Clark, G.J. Van Wylen, and S. K. Fenster, “Transient Phenomena Associated with the Pressurized Discharge of a Cryogenic Liquid from a Container.” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 5, K.D. Timmerhaus, (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc.. New York (1960).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. F. Schmidt et al, “An Experimental Study Concerning the Pressurization and Stratification of Liquid Hydrogen,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 5. K.D. Timmerhaus. (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc. New York (1960).Google Scholar
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    G.J. Van Wylen et al, “Pressurized-Discharge of Liquid Nitrogen from an Uninsulated Tank,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 4, K.D. Timmerhaus, (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc., New York (1960).Google Scholar
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    S. K. Fenster, G.J. Van Wylen, and J. A. Clark. “Transient Phenomena Associated with the Pressurization of Liquid Nitrogen Boiling at Constant Heat Flux,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering. Vol. 5. K.D. Timmerhaus, (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc., New York (1960).Google Scholar
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    V.S. Arpaci, J. A. Clark, and W.O. Winer. “Dynamic Analysis of Thermal Systems Having Simultaneous Multiple Disturbances,” Manuscript in preparation. Heat Transfer and Thermodynamics Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, 1960; also, J. A. Clark and others, Quarterly Progress Report No. 2, July 1960, UMRI Project 03583.Google Scholar
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    J. W. Rizika, “Thermal Lags in Flowing Incompressible Fluid Systems Containing Heat Capacitors,” Trans, ASME, Vol. 78, 1407 (1956).Google Scholar
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    V. S. Arpaci and J. A. Clark, “Dynamic Response of Heat Exchangers Having Internal Heat Sources-Part II.” Trans. ASME, Vol. 80, 625–634 (1958).Google Scholar
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    O.T. Bloomer and K.N. Rao, “Thermodynamic Properties of Nitrogen,” Institute of Gas Technology Research Bulletin 18. October, 1952.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. S. Arpaci
    • 1
  • J. A. Clark
    • 1
  • W. O. Winer
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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