Pressurized Transfer of Cryogenic Fluids from Tanks in Liquid-Nitrogen Baths
Most of the preliminary rocket engine development, performance and experimental tests use pressurized propellant feed systems for reasons of economy and expediency. Because of the need for obtaining accurate flow records, many pressurized cryogenic systems are placed in liquid-nitrogen baths. If both the propellant tank and flow lines are covered by such a bath, more precise knowledge of the cryogenic fluid density is obtained and two-phase flow through orifices or flow meters is eliminated. Density of liquid oxygen can vary by 1% for a temperature change of 2.3°F, and the uncertainty due to two-phase flow through an orifice cannot now be estimated.
KeywordsLiquid Flow Rate Condensation Rate Liquid Oxygen Large Tank Tank Pressure
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