Advertisement

Pressure Phenomena During Transfer of Saturated Cryogenic Fluids

  • J. M. Canty
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 6)

Abstract

Several methods are used to transfer cryogenic liquids. These vary from mechanical means, such as with a transfer pump, to pressurizing with a gas. There have been a number of papers describing these techniques in past conferences. The pressurizing gas may be the same as the fluid being transferred to avoid contamination or it may be a gas which will not condense during the transfer. A typical example of the latter would be the use of helium gas for pressurizing liquid oxygen, since the helium would not condense at liquid oxygen temperatures. Where product purity would not be important it might be useful to pressurize oxygen with nitrogen gas although some condensation will probably occur depending on the transfer pressure.

Keywords

Pressure History Liquid Oxygen Cryogenic Liquid Cryogenic Fluid Cryogenic Engineer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. R. Hatch, R.B. Jacobs, R.J. Richards, R.N. Boggs, and G.R. Phelps, “Prediction of Pressure Drop in Two-Phase Single-Component Fluid Flow,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 4, K.D. Timmerhaus, (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc. New York (1960).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. M. Canty and R. Gabarro, “High Performance Cryogenic Containers,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 4, K.D. Timmerhaus, (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc., New York (1960).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Neff, “A Survey of Stratification in a Cryogenic Liquid,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 5, K.D. Timmerhaus, (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc., New York (1960).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    A. F. Schmidt, J.R. Purcell, W. A. Wilson, and R. V. Smith, “An Experimental Study Concerning the Pres-surization and Stratification of Liquid Hydrogen,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 5, K.D. Timmerhaus, (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc., New York (1960).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.T. Swim, “Temperature Distribution in Liquid and Vapor Phases of Helium in Cylindrical Dewars,” Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol. 5, K.D. Timmerhaus, (ed.), Plenum Press, Inc., New York (1960).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1961

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Canty
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Union Carbide CorporationLinde CompanyTonawandaUSA

Personalised recommendations