Gallium-Doped Germanium Resistance Thermometers

  • F. J. Low
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 7)


It has been well established that the characteristics of single-crystal germanium doped with certain impurities are suitable for resistance thermometry at low temperatures. Indium was used as the dopant by Estermann [1] and by Friedberg [2], whereas Kunzler et al. [3] have described in detail a four-lead thermometer using arsenic as the major impurity. We have employed galliumdoped germanium with an impurity concentration of about 6 · 10-16 cm-3 and find that it has a characteristic which is useful over the range from 1° to 40°K.


Gallium Arsenide Gold Wire Impurity Conduction High Temperature Hydrogen Cryogenic Fluid 
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  1. 1.
    I. Estermann, Phys. Rev., Vol. 78, 83 (1950).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.A. Friedberg, Phys. Rev., Vol. 82, 764 (1951).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    J.E. Kunzler, T.H. Geballe, and G.W. Hull, Rev. Sci. Instr., Vol. 28, 96, (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    H. Fritzche, Phys. Rev., Vol. 119, 1899 (1960).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    H. Fritzche, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc., Vol. 6, No. 2, 136 (1961).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1962

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. Low
    • 1
  1. 1.Texas Instruments Inc.DallasUSA

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