Transient Condensation on Insulating Substrates for Cryogenic Application

  • J. A. Clark
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 7)


During the initial stages of the pressurized-discharge process of a cryogenic liquid from a container, the consumption of pressurant is high. This results from an initially high rate of condensation of pressurant on the colder internal surfaces of the container including the liquid-gas interface. To alleviate this condition and to effect an over-all reduction in the consumption of pressurant gas, it has been proposed to line the inside surfaces of such containers with a low-density, insulating material. An example of such an installation is provided by Scott [1]. The liquid-gas interface could be covered in a similar manner (with a singly-or multiply-connected, floating piston). The purpose of such an installation is to provide an interface between pressurant and the interior which would possess characteristics of rapid thermal response.


Control Surface Saturation Temperature Condensate Film Transient Growth Heat Transfer Phenomenon 
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  1. 1.
    R.B. Scott, Cryogenic Engineering, p, 210, D. Van Nostrand Co., Inc., Princeton, New Jersey (1959).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. C. Hunsaker and B. G. Richtmire, Fluid Mechanics, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York (1947).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. S. Carslaw and J. C. Jaeger, Conduction of Heat in Solids, p. 41, Oxford University Press, Fair Lawn, New Jersey (1950).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    W. H. McAdams, Heat Transmission, 3rd ed., chapt. 3, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York (1954).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. S. Carslaw and J. C. Jaeger, op cit., p. 53.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1962

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. A. Clark
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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