Low-Temperature Ettingshausen Coolers

  • S. R. Hawkins
  • C. F. Kooi
  • K. F. Cuff
  • J. L. Weaver
  • R. B. Horst
  • G. M. Enslow
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 9)


With recent advances in materials technology, a new means of solid state cooling in the 77° to 200°K temperature range now shows a great deal of promise. This method of cooling is based upon an effect first observed in 1887 by the German physicist, Ettingshausen. He found that when a magnetic field exists perpendicular to an electrical current flowing in a conductor, a transverse temperature gradient is observed which is perpendicular to both the current flow and the magnetic field.


Heat Sink Lattice Thermal Conductivity Temperature Differential Peltier Cooler Heat Sink Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. R. Hawkins
    • 1
  • C. F. Kooi
    • 1
  • K. F. Cuff
    • 1
  • J. L. Weaver
    • 1
  • R. B. Horst
    • 1
  • G. M. Enslow
    • 1
  1. 1.Lockheed Research LaboratoriesPalo AlioUSA

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