Analytical and Experimental Determination of Liquid-Hydrogen Temperature Stratification

  • T. E. Bailey
  • R. F. Fearn
Part of the Advances in Cryogenic Engineering book series (ACRE, volume 9)

Abstract

Temperature stratification in flight-vehicle propellant tanks is an important design consideration because of its direct influence on tank pressure and, consequently, on tank structural weight and pressurization system weight. Heat input to cryogenic propeliants, particularly the aerodynamic heating experienced during boost through the atmosphere, may result in a significant increase in vapor pressure. Further, experience has shown that this vapor pressure increase is not uniform, i.e., the upper propellant layers experience a relatively large increase, while the lower layers experience little or none. Therefore, the system operating pressure is often determined by the NPSH requirement at stage burn-out when the warmest propellant is being consumed.

Keywords

Heat Flux Tank Wall Test Vessel Aerodynamic Heating Heat Chamber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    T. Bailey et al., “Cryogenic Propeilant Stratification Analysis and Test Data Correlation,” Technical Memorandum 431–265, The Martín Company, Denver, Colo. (19 May, 1960).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    “Analytical and Experimental Determination of Liquid Hydrogen Temperature Stratification,” Proposal P-61–11 (Rev. 1) (Vol 1), The Martin Company, Denver, Colo. (April 1962).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T Bailey et al., “Analytical and Experimental Determination of Liquid Hydrogen Temperature Stratification, Final Report,” Martin Company Report NASA-CR-63–5 (April 1963).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. Bailey, et al., “Cryogenic Propeilant Stratification Analysis and Test Data Correlation,” Technical Note, AIAA J., 1, No. 7 (July 1963).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1964

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. E. Bailey
    • 1
  • R. F. Fearn
    • 1
  1. 1.Martin CompanyDenverUSA

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