Ship Design and Selection of Access Equipment — General Cargo



Design features of the principal types of vessel for carrying general cargo are described, along with the factors which influence the selection of their cargo access equipment. Section 8.1 discusses multi-deck ships for break-bulk cargoes and Section 8.2 container ships. The wide variety of Ro-Ro types are divided thus: Section 8.3.1 Passenger/vehicle ferries, Section 8.3.2 Short sea freight Ro-Ros, Section 8.3.3 Deep sea Ro-Ros. Section 8.4 discusses miscellaneous types including refrigerated vessels, barge carriers and heavy-lift ships. Finally, Section 8.5 discusses the choice of ship type for carrying general cargo. It is suggested that container ships are the primary deep sea unit load carriers, with Ro-Ro vessels providing flexibility for certain trades. Break-bulk vessels and barge carriers find their best applications serving low labour cost or developing countries.


Container Ship Gantry Crane General Cargo Side Door Access Equipment 
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  1. [8.1]
    Report on Standardisation of Ro-Ro Ramps. International Association of Ports and Harbours, January 1977.Google Scholar
  2. [8.2]
    Waage-Nielsen, E. Problems facing Operators of Ro-Ro Systems. Progress in Cargo Handling, 6, Gower Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  3. [8.3]
    Laing, E. T. Containers and their Competitors. Marine Transport Centre, University of Liverpool, 1975.Google Scholar
  4. [8.4]
    Gilman, S. Optimal Shipping Technologies for Routes to Developing Countries. J. Transport Economics and Policy, January 1977.Google Scholar
  5. [8.5]
    Maritime Transport Research - Dry Cargo Ship Demand to 1985. 6: Ship Demand. Graham and Trotman, 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MacGregor Publications Ltd. 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Naval Architecture and ShipbuildingUniversity of Newcastle-upon-TyneUK
  2. 2.University of Wales Institute of Science and TechnologyUK

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