Genesis of the Hymenoptera
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We are not certain of the identity of the ancestors of the order known as the Hymenoptera because of the lack of relevant palaeontological data. Their earliest fossil representatives lived in the very remote past, in the lower Lias, that is to say at the beginning of the Jurassic period or even earlier. It is interesting to note that these early forms did not belong to any one systematic unit, but to a number of already well-differentiated groups. Examples of these are the members of the genera Liadoxyela, Paroryssusy, Megaulacinus, and Mesohelorus discovered by A. V. Martynov (1937) in the Jurassic deposits of Turkestan. Remains of the sawfly Archexyela crosbyi were later found in the Triassic deposits of Queensland (Riek, 1955). These discoveries, of course, give no direct palaeontological evidence that the primary forms of the Hymenoptera existed at much earlier times than these.
KeywordsMalpighian Tubule Jurassic Deposit Wing Venation Remote Past Fossil Insect
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