X-Ray Diffraction Studies of the Cross-Bridge Intermediate States

  • S. Xu
  • S. Malinchik
  • S. Frisbie
  • J. Gu
  • T. Kraft
  • G. Rapp
  • J. M. Chalovich
  • B. Brenner
  • L. C. Yu
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 453)


Two dimensional x-ray diffraction was obtained from skinned rabbit psoas muscle fibers. The goal is to correlate structures of the cross-bridge population with various intermediate states in the cross-bridge cycle by using nucleotides and their analogs. It was found that in a relaxed muscle in ATP containing solutions, cross-bridges are distributed in three populations in equilibrium: those detached from actin and ordered on the myosin helix, those that are detached and disordered, and those weakly attached to actin in random orientations. The distribution among the three populations is highly dependent on temperature. Those that are detached and yet ordered in a helical structure surrounding the myosin backbone are very likely in the M ADP P1 state, supporting an earlier suggestion by Wray (1987). It was also found that the attached cross-bridges with bound MgADP are structurally distinct from those without nucleotide, in agreement with one of our earlier findings by osmotic compression (Xu et al., 1993). Another finding of interest is that the analog AMP-PNP was found to be an ATP analog, rather than an ADP analog as it has been reported previously by many research groups.


Ionic Strength Sarcomere Length Myosin Head Layer Line Thick Filament 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Xu
    • 1
  • S. Malinchik
    • 1
  • S. Frisbie
    • 1
  • J. Gu
    • 1
  • T. Kraft
    • 1
  • G. Rapp
    • 2
  • J. M. Chalovich
    • 3
  • B. Brenner
    • 4
  • L. C. Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.EMBL Hamburg Outstation, DESYHamburgGermany
  3. 3.East Carolina Medical SchoolGreenvilleUSA
  4. 4.Hannover Medical SchoolHannoverGermany

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