“Einstein’s Theory” of Environment-Behavior Research

A Commentary on Research Utilization
  • David Kernohan
Part of the Advances in Environment, Behavior, and Design book series (AEBD, volume 3)


Einstein’s theory of relativity convinced us of the importance of the fourth dimension—time. In turn, explorations in quantum theory led to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, which is “a fundamental, inescapa ble property of the world” (Hawking, 1988, p. 55). Heisenberg’s principle showed that the more accurately attempts to measure the position of a particle are made, the less accurately its speed can be measured, and vice versa. Therefore, there cannot be a theory of science, a model of the universe, that is completely deterministic. One cannot predict future events if one cannot even measure the present stage of the universe precisely.


Research Utilization Environmental Design Facility Manager Design Quality Participatory Evaluation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bechtel, R. (1987). Advances in POE methods. In N. Praks (Eds.), Proceedings of the Interna tional Association for the Study of People and their Physical Surroundings (Vol. 2, p. 350). Delft, the Netherlands: Technical University of Delft.Google Scholar
  2. Ellis, P. (1983). Institutional problems with design research in Britain. In D. Joiner, G. Brimilcombe, J. Daish, J. Gray, & D. Kernohan (Eds.), Proceedings of the conference on People and Physical Environment Research (PAPER; p. 566). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Works and Development.Google Scholar
  3. Ellis, P., & Joiner, D. A. (1985). Design quality is negotiable. In K. Dovey, P. Downtown, & G. Missingham (Eds.), Place and placemaking: Proceedings of the conference on People and Physical Environment Research (PAPER). Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne University.Google Scholar
  4. Hawking, S. W. (1988): A brief history of time. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
  5. Kernohan, D., Daish, J. R., & Gray, J. A. (1987). Building evaluation: Data gathering and review. In B. Shaw (Ed.), Conference on People and Physical Environment Research, Perth, Australia: Centre for Urban Research, University of Western Australia.Google Scholar
  6. Lewin, K. (1946). Action research and minority problems. Journal of Social Issues, 1-2 ,34–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. MacKinder, M., & Marvin, H. (1982) Design decision making in architectural practice. Garston, England: Building Research Station, BRE Information Paper IP 11/82.Google Scholar
  8. Min, B. H. (1988). Research utilization in environment-behavior studies: A case study analysis of the iteration of utilization models, context, and success. (Doctoral dissertation, Department of Architecture, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.) Ann Arbor, MI: University Mi crofilms International.Google Scholar
  9. Rapoport, A. (1979). Pure research in architecture and urban planning. Wisconsin Architect ,Journal of the Wisconsin Society of Architects. Madison, Wisconsin.Google Scholar
  10. Schneekloth, L. H. (1987). Advances in practice in environment, behavior, and design. In E. H. Zube & G. T. Moore (Eds.), Advances in environment, behavior, and design (Vol. 1, pp. 307–334). New York: Plenum Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Kernohan
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ArchitectureVictoria University of WellingtonWellingtonNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations