Interfacial Oscillations and Solitons Driven by the Marangoni Effect

  • Manuel G. Velarde
  • Xiao-Lin Chu
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 225)


Generally, interfacial waves or interfacial oscillations are damped by viscosity (1–3). However, if a non equilibrium distribution of surfactant, temperature, chemical potential or an electric field,... is imposed in the liquid, with mass and/or energy transfer across the surface, the Marangoni effect, i.e., stresses induced by the variation of the surface tension from point to point along the surface may transform the “thermal” or “chemical”, into convective motion, overtaking the viscous dissipation and thus sustaining the wave motions (4–18).


Liquid Layer Capillary Number Open Surface Marangoni Number Limit Cycle Oscillation 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manuel G. Velarde
    • 1
  • Xiao-Lin Chu
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de CienciasU.N.E.D.MadridSpain

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