Large Commitments to Large Objectives: Planning Education for the Twenty-first Century

  • Bishwapriya Sanyal
Part of the Urban Innovation Abroad book series (UIA)


The increasing influx of international students into American planning schools has added a new dimension to the ongoing debate about planning education[1]. Recent conferences of the American Collegiate Schools of Planning in Atlanta, Milwaukee, and Los Angeles have devoted a number of panel discussions to international planning education issues.


International Student Poor Country Rich Country Large Objective Foreign Student 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abdalla, I.S., 1980, The inadequacy and loss of legitimacy of the IMF, Development Dialogue, 2:25–33.Google Scholar
  2. Abrams, C., 1964, Education and research: A university is born in the Middle East, in: “Man’s Struggle for Shelter” MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, pp. 195–212.Google Scholar
  3. Alcaly, R., and Mermelstein, D., eds., 1977 “The Fiscal Crisis of American Cities” Vintage, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Alexander, R., 1984, After rationality, what? A review of responses to paradigm breakdown, Journal of the American Planning Association, 50:62–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Alonso, W., 1986, The unplanned paths of planning schools, The Public Interest, 82:58–71.Google Scholar
  6. Amin, S., 1977, “Imperialism and Unequal Development,” Monthly Review Press, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Banerjee, T., 1985, Environmental design in the developing world: Some thoughts on design education, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 15(l):28–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bates, R.H., 1987,“Essays on the Political Economy of Rural Africa,” University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  9. Beauregard, R.A., 1978, Planning in an advanced capitalist state, in: “Planning Theory in the 1980s: A Search for Future Directions,” R.W. Burchell and G. Sternlieb, eds., Center for Urban Policy Research, New Brunswick, NJ, pp. 235–254.Google Scholar
  10. Bell, D., 1968, Relevant aspects of the social scene and social policy, in:“Children’s Allowances and the Economic Welfare of Children,” E. Burns, ed., New York, pp. 167–171.Google Scholar
  11. Beishaw, C.S., 1955, “In Search for Wealth: A Study of the Emergence of Commercial Operations in the Melanesian Society of South-Eastern Papua,” American Anthropological Association, Menosha, WI.Google Scholar
  12. Berry, B.J.L., 1971, City size and economic development: Conceptual sythesis and policy problems, “Urbanization and National Development,” L. Jacobson and V. Prakash, eds., Sage, Beverly Hills, CA..Google Scholar
  13. Bienfeld, M., and Godfrey, M. eds, 1982, “The Struggle for Development: National Strategies in an International Context,” John Wiley and Sons, New York.Google Scholar
  14. Bluestone, B., and Harrison, B., 1982, “The Deindustrialization of America,” Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  15. Bocke, J.H., 1953, “Economics and Economic Policy of Dual Societies,” Institute of Pacific Relations, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Booth, P., 1986, “Learning From Other Countries,” I. Masser and R. Williams, eds. Geo Books, London.Google Scholar
  17. Brine, J., 1972, Educational objectives and options for planners of developing countries, Journal of the Royal Town Planning Institute, 58(2): 197–200.Google Scholar
  18. Burns, L.S., 1987, Third World solutions to the homelessness problem, in: “The Homeless in Contemporary Society,” R.D. Bingham, R.E. Green, and S.B. White, eds., Sage, Beverly Hills, CA.Google Scholar
  19. Cardoso, F.H., 1980, General introductory statement on interdependencies and development, in: “Inter-Regional Cooperation in the Social Sciences for Development,” Paris: Development Center, OECD, pp.9–35.Google Scholar
  20. Castells, M., 1980, “The Economic Crisis and American Society,” Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  21. Chapin, F.S. Jr., 1965, “Urban Land Use Planning,” Univ. of Illinois Press, Urbana, DL.Google Scholar
  22. Checkoway, B., ed., 1986, “Strategic Perspectives on Planning Practice,” Lexington Books, Lexington, MA.Google Scholar
  23. Chenery, H., et al., 1974, “Redistribution with Growth,” Oxford Univ. Press, London.Google Scholar
  24. Cockburn, C., 1977, “The Local State,” Pluto Press, London.Google Scholar
  25. Coleman, J.S., 1986, “Individual Interests and Collective Action: Selected Essays,” Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U.K.Google Scholar
  26. Cooper, K.J., 1983, Increasing the international relevance of US education, in: “Educating Students from Other Nations,” J.M. Jenkins, ed., Jossey Bass, San Francisco, pp. 277–294.Google Scholar
  27. Dandekar, H., 1984, On communications and their lack in international development planning, University of British Columbia, School of Community and Regional Planning, Discussion Paper No. 12.Google Scholar
  28. Daves, F.W.H., 1984, Training for planning and development in the “North” and in the “South,” in: “Along the North/South Axis,” Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, pp. 32–39.Google Scholar
  29. Davidoff, P., 1965, in: Advocacy and pluralism in planning, in: Journal of the American Institute of Planners, November:331–337.Google Scholar
  30. Dell, S., 1982, Stabilization: The political economy of overkill, World Development, 8:597–612.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. de Neufville, J.I., 1986, Usable planning theory: An agenda for research and education, in: “Strategic Perspectives on Planning Practice,” B. Checkoway, ed., Lexington Books, Lexington, MA, pp.43–62.Google Scholar
  32. Dogan, M., and Pelassy, D., 1984, “How to Compare Nations: Strategies in Comparative Politics,” Chatten House Publishers, NJ.Google Scholar
  33. Downs, C., and Voltaire, L., 1987, Teaching planning in developing countries: A report on a cooperative studio on basic needs, democracy and development in Haiti, Draft paper.Google Scholar
  34. DuBois, C., 1956, “Foreign Students and Higher Education in the US,” American Council on Education, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  35. Dyckman, J.W., 1987, Planning practice in an age of reaction, in: “Strategic Perspectives on Planning Practice,” Lexington Books, Lexington, MA, pp. 11–24.Google Scholar
  36. Dyckman, J.W.,1978, Three crises of American planning, in: “Planning Theory in the 1980s.” R.W. Burchell and G. Sternlieb, eds., Center for Urban Policy Research, New Brunswick, NJ, pp. 279–295.Google Scholar
  37. Edel, M., 1987, Latin American urban studies: Beyond dichotomy. Draft mimeo.Google Scholar
  38. El-Shakhs, S., 1972, Development, primacy and system of cities, The Journal of Development Areas, 7(1): 11–36.Google Scholar
  39. Erickson, J., and Wilhelm, C., eds., 1987, “Housing the Homeless,” Center for Urban Policy and Research, New Brunswick, NJ.Google Scholar
  40. Evans, P.B., and Stephans, J.D., 1987, Development and the World Economy, Brown University; Dept. of Sociology, Working Paper No. 8/9 on Comparative Development.Google Scholar
  41. Evans, P.B., Rueschemeyer, D., and Skocpol, T., 1985, On the road towards adequate understanding of the state, in: “Bringing the State Back In,” P.B. Evans, et al., Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp.347–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Faludi, A., and Hamnett, S., 1975, “The Study of Comparative Planning,” Center for Environmental Studies, London, CP 13.Google Scholar
  43. Feldman, L.I., 1978, Comparative public policy: Field or method? Comparative Politics, 10:302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Fisher, H.B., 1981, Education for regional planning in developing areas and the North American master’s degree, in: “Training for Regional Development Planning: Perspectives for the Third Development Decade,” O.P. Mathur, ed., United Nations Center for Regional Development, pp. 285–317.Google Scholar
  45. Fishlow, A., 1972, Brazilian size distribution of income, American Economic Review, 62:391–402.Google Scholar
  46. Fox, M.J., 1962, Foreign students in American colleges, College Board Review, No. 46.Google Scholar
  47. Frank, A.G., 1969, “Latin America: Underdevelopment or Revolution?” Monthly Review Press, New York, pp. 21–94.Google Scholar
  48. Friedmann, J., 1986, The education of planners: An imaginary interview, University of California at Los Angeles: Graduate School of Architecture and Planning, D.P. 193.Google Scholar
  49. Friedmann, J., 1984, Letter to the Editor, Journal of Planning Education and Research 4(1):70–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Friedmann, J., and Wolff, G., 1982, World city formation: An agenda for research and action, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 6(3):309–344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Friedmann, J., and Weaver, G., 1979, “Territory and Function: The Evolution of Regional Planning,” Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  52. Friedmann, J., 1973a, Intention and reality: The American planner overseas, in: “Urbanization, Planning and National Development,” Sage, Beverly Hills, CA. pp. 287–298.Google Scholar
  53. Friedmann, J., 1973b, “Retracking America,” Anchor Press, Garden City, NJ.Google Scholar
  54. Galbraith, J.K., 1958, “Affluent Society,” Houghton Mifflin, Boston.Google Scholar
  55. Gardner, R.N., 1969, “Sterling Dollar Diplomacy” (rev. ed.), McGraw Hill, New York.Google Scholar
  56. Gans, H.J., 1968, “People and Plans,” Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  57. Godschalk, D.R., ed., 1974, “Planning in America: Learning From Turbulence,” Washington: American Institute of Planners.Google Scholar
  58. Goodman, R., 1971, “After the Planners,” Simon & Schuster, New York.Google Scholar
  59. Gorg, A., ed., 1976, “The Division of Labor,”Atlantic High Lands: Humanities Press.Google Scholar
  60. Gough, I., 1979, “The Political Economy of the Welfare State,” Macmillan, London.Google Scholar
  61. Gould, S.K., and Lyman, J., 1987, “A Working Guide to Women’s Self-Employment,” The Cooperation for Enterprise Development, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  62. Green, R.H., 1983, Things fall apart: The world economy in the 1980s, Third World Quarterly, 5:72–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Habermas, J., 1973, “Legitimation Crisis,” Beacon Press, Boston.Google Scholar
  64. Habraken, J.N., 1985, The general from the local, Places, 1(4):3–8.Google Scholar
  65. Hagen, E.E., 1957, The process of economic development, Economic Devlopment and Cultural Change, April.Google Scholar
  66. Hamilton, N., 1982, “The Limits of State Autonomy: Post Revolutionary Mexico,” Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  67. Hampden-Turner, O., 1971, “Radical Man: The Process of Psycho-Social Development,” Anchor Books, New York.Google Scholar
  68. Hansen, E., 1985, The growing challenge of training Third World planners in US graduate planning schools, Paper presented at the ACSP Conference in Atlanta, Nov. 1 — Nov. 3.Google Scholar
  69. Harloe, M., 1981, Notes on comparative urban research, in: “Urbanization and Urban Policy in Capitalist Societies,” M. Dear and A.J. Scott, eds., Methuen, London.Google Scholar
  70. Harrington, M., 1962, “The Other America: Poverty in the US,” Penguin Books, New York.Google Scholar
  71. Harrison, P., 1981, “Inside the Third World,” Penguin, Harmondsworth.Google Scholar
  72. Harvey, D., 1978, On planning the ideology of planning, in: “Planning Theory in the 1980s,” R.W. Burchell and G. Sternlieb, eds., Center for Urban Policy and Research, New Brunswick, NJ, pp. 213–234.Google Scholar
  73. Healey, P., 1985, The professionalization of planning in Britain, Third World Planning Review, 56(4):492–507.Google Scholar
  74. Healey, P., McDugall, G., and Thomas, M.I., 1982, Theoretical debate in planning: Towards a coherent dialogue, in: “Planning Theory: Prospects for the 1980s,” Pergamon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  75. Helleiner, G., 1984, Comments on W.S. Rostow’s article, in: “Pioneers in Development,” G. Mier, ed., Oxford Univ. Press, London, pp.262–267.Google Scholar
  76. Helleiner, G.K., 1983, The IMF and conditionality, American Economic Review, 73:349–353.Google Scholar
  77. Helleiner, G.K., 1980, “International Economic Disorder: Essays in North-South Relations,” Macmillan, London.Google Scholar
  78. Helleiner, G.K., 1979, Interdependence, imbalance, and OECD research plans, in: “Interdependece and Development,” OECD.Google Scholar
  79. Henderson, J., and Castells, M., eds., 1987, “Global Restructuring and Territorial Development,” Sage, Beverly Hills, CA.Google Scholar
  80. Hirsch, J., 1978, The state apparatus and social reproduction: Elements of a theory of the bourgeois state, in: “State and Capital,” J. Holloway and S. Picciotto, eds. Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
  81. Hirschmann, A.O., 1984, A dissenter’s confession: The strategy of economic development revisited, in: “Pioneers in Development,” Vol. I, G. Mier and D. Seers, eds., Oxford Univ. Press, London, pp.85–111.Google Scholar
  82. Hirschmann, A.O. 1971, Obstacles to development: A classification and a quasi vanishing act, in: “A Bias for Hope,” Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, CT, pp.312–327.Google Scholar
  83. Hirschman, A.O., 1981, The rise and decline of development economics, “Essays in Trespassing,” Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
  84. Hoselitz, B.F., 1952, “The Progress of Underdeveloped Areas,” Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.Google Scholar
  85. Hudson, B., et al., 1976, Knowledge networks for educational planning strategies for the better use of university resources, US Agency for Inernational Development, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  86. Institute of International Education, 1981, “Evaluating Foreign Students’ Credentials,” Institute of International Education, New York.Google Scholar
  87. Isserman, A.M., 1985, Dare to plan: An essay on the role of the future in planning practice and education, Third World Planning Review, 56(4):483–491.Google Scholar
  88. Jackson, P.M., ed., 1987, “Policies for Prosperity: Essays in a Keynesian Mode by James Tobin,” MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  89. Jenkins, H.M., ed., 1980, “Foreign Student Recruitment: Realities and Recommendations,” College Entrance Board, New York.Google Scholar
  90. Jessop, B., 1977, Recent theories of the capitalist state, Cambridge Journal of Economics, 1:353–373.Google Scholar
  91. Kaplan, R.B., and Birnbaum, H., 1980, Language, information and technology transfer, Address at the 15th American Studies Seminar of the American Studies Association of the Philippines, Laguna, Philippines.Google Scholar
  92. Kaufman, J.L., 1985, American and Israeli planners: A cross-cultural comparison, American Planning Association Journal, Summer: 352–364.Google Scholar
  93. Kennedy, M.D., 1984, The fiscal crisis of the city, in: “Cities in Transformation,” M.P. Smith, ed. Sage, Beverly Hills, CA.Google Scholar
  94. Kristol, I., 1987, Don’t count out conservatism, New York Times Magazine, July 14 pp.30–54.Google Scholar
  95. Krueckeberg, D.A. ed., 1983, “Introduction to Planning History in the United States,” The Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers Univ. New Brunswick, NJ.Google Scholar
  96. Kunzmann, K.R., 1985, Educating planners in Europe: Trends and requirements: An international perspective, Third World Planning Review, 56(4):442–457.Google Scholar
  97. Lewis, W.A., 1955, Economic development with unlimited supplies of labour, in: “The Economics of Underdevelopment,” A.N. Agarwala and S.P. Singh, eds., Oxford Univ. Press, London, pp.400–449.Google Scholar
  98. Lim, G., 1986, Toward a synthesis of contemporary planning theories, The Journal of Planning Education and Research, 5(2):75–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Luke, D.F., and Shaw, T.M. 1987, “Continental Crises: The Lagos Plan of Action and Africa’s Future,” Dalhousie African Studies Series 2, Univ. Press of America, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  100. Mandelbaum, S.J., 1979, A complete general theory of planning is impossible, Policy Sciences, 11:59–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Marcuse, H., 1964, “One Dimensional Man,” Routledge & Kegan Paul, New York.Google Scholar
  102. Masser, I., 1986, Some methodological considerations, in: “Learning From Other Countries,” I. Masser and R. Willims, eds., pp. 11–22.Google Scholar
  103. McClelland, D., 1961, “The Achieving Society,” Van Nostand, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  104. McLean, I., 1987, “Public Choice: An Introduction,” Basil Blackwell, New York.Google Scholar
  105. Meckstroth, T.W. 1975, Most different systems and most similar systems: A study in the logic of comparative inquiry, Comparative Political Studies, 8(2):132–157.Google Scholar
  106. Meier, G.M., 1984, The formative period, in: “Pioneers in Development,” G.M. Meier and D. Seers, eds., World Bank Publications, Washington, DC, pp. 3–24.Google Scholar
  107. Meyerson, M., 1976, The next challenge for the urban planner: Linking local and national economic planning, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, October:371–376.Google Scholar
  108. Miliband, R., 1973, Poulantzas and the capitalist state, New Left Review, Nov/Dec:83–93.Google Scholar
  109. Moggridge, D., ed., 1980, “The Collected Writings of John Maynard Keynes,” Vol. 26, Macmillan & Cambridge University Press, London.Google Scholar
  110. Myrdal, G., 1957, “Rich Lands and Poor,” Harper, New York, pp. 103–114.Google Scholar
  111. Nelson, D.M., 1975, “Critical Issues in Foreign Student Education,” National Association for Foreign Student Affairs, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  112. Nocks, B.C., 1974, A decade of planning education at three schools, in: “Planning in America: Learning From Turbulence,” D.R. Godschalk, ed., American Institute of Planners, pp. 206–226.Google Scholar
  113. O’Conner, J., 1987, “The Meaning of Crisis: A Theoretical Foundation,” Blackwell, New York.Google Scholar
  114. Offe, C., 1987, Democracy against the welfare state? Political Theory, November.Google Scholar
  115. Offe, C., 1985, Three perspectives on the problem of unemployment, in: “Disorganized Capitalism: Contemporary Transformation of Work and Politics,” J. Keane, ed., Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  116. Olson, M., 1982, “The Rise and Decline of Nations,” Yale University Press, New Haven, CT.Google Scholar
  117. Packenham, R.A., 1973, “Liberal American and the Third World: Political Development Ideas in Foreign Aid and Social Science,” Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ.Google Scholar
  118. Parsons, T., 1951, “The Social System,” The Free Press, Glenco, IL.Google Scholar
  119. Patterson, J.T., 1981, “America’s Struggle Against Poverty, 1900–1985, Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  120. Peattie, L., 1981, “Thinking About Development,” Plenum Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Perloff, H., and Kielt, F., 1985, The evolution of planning education, in: “Planning in America: Learning from Turbulence,” D.R. Godschalk, ed., American Institute of Planners, pp. 161–180.Google Scholar
  122. Perloff, H., 1985, “The Art of Planning: Selected Essays of Harvey S. Perloff,” J. Friedmann and L. Burns, eds., Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  123. Perloff, J., 1985, Education of city planners: Past and present, in: “The Art of Planning: Selected Essays of Harvey S. Perloff,” Plenum Press, New York, pp. 261–299.Google Scholar
  124. Portes, A., and Walton, J., 1981, “Labor and Class in the International System,” Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  125. Prebisch, R., 1979, Interdependence and development, in: “Interdependence and Development,” OECD Liaison Bulletin, pp. 10–30.Google Scholar
  126. Prebisch, R., 1950, “The Economic Development of Latin American and its Principal Problems,” UN, New York.Google Scholar
  127. Prosperi, D.C., 1984, Editorial note, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 4(10):3–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Qadeer, M., 1986, Comparative studies to counteract ethnocentric urban planning, in: “Learning From Other Countries,” I. Masser and R. Williams, eds., Geo Books, London, pp.77–88.Google Scholar
  129. Qadeer, M., 1984, Reciprocal learning: The basis of North/South collaboration in training for human settlement planning, in: “Along the North/South Axis,” University of British Columbia, Center for Human Settlements, pp. 25–31.Google Scholar
  130. Radburn, F.S., and Buss, T., 1986, “Responding to America’s Homeless,” Praeger, New York.Google Scholar
  131. Richardson, J.R., 1986, Teaching urban design in cross cultural settings: The Beijing urban design studio, Paper presented to the 28th Annual Conference, Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning, October 1986.Google Scholar
  132. Rittel, H.W., and Webber, M.M., 1973, Dilemmas in a general theory of planning, Policy Sciences, 4:155–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Robertson, A.F., 1984, “People and the State,” Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. Rodwin, L., 1986, Third World development: Education challenges, Plenary talk at the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning Conference in Milwaukee, October 1986, Mimeo.Google Scholar
  135. Rohatyn, F., 1987, On the brink, New York Review of Books, 34(10):3–6(June 11, 1987).Google Scholar
  136. Rosen, G., 1985, “Western Economists and Eastern Societies: Agents of Change in South Asia (1950–1970)” John Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, MD.Google Scholar
  137. Rostow, W.W., 1971, “The Stages of Growth,” 2nd ed., Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Sanyal, B., 1986, Learning before doing: A critical evaluation of the privatization concept in shelter policy of international institutions, Open House International, 2(4):13–21.Google Scholar
  139. Sarbib, J.L. 1978, Notes on the legitimation of liberal reform, in: “The Structural Crisis of the 1970s and Beyond: The Need for a New Planning Theory,” Goldstein and S. Rosenberg, eds., Virginia Polytechnic Inst. & State Univ., Blackburg.Google Scholar
  140. Sassen-Koob, S., 1985, Capital mobility and labor migration: Their expression in core cities, in: “Urbanization in the World Economy,” M. Timberlake, ed., Academic Press, Orlando, FL, pp.231–265.Google Scholar
  141. Sassen-Koob, S., 1984, The new labor demand in global cities, in: “Cities in Transformation,” M.P. Smith, ed., Sage, Beverly Hills, CA, pp. 139–171.Google Scholar
  142. Schaar, H., 1970, Legitimacy in the modern state, in: “Power and Community: Dissenting Essays in Political Science,” Random House, New York.Google Scholar
  143. Schon, D., and Nu«, T.E., 1974, Endemic turbulence: The future of planning education, in: “Planning Under Turbulence,” D. Godschalk, ed., pp. 180–206.Google Scholar
  144. Schumacher, E.F., 1973, “Small is Beautiful: A Study of Economies As If People Mattered,” Blond & Toniggs, London.Google Scholar
  145. Scott, A.J., and Roweis, S.T., 1977, Urban planning in theory and practice: A reappraisal, Environment and Planning, 9:1097–1119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Scully, M.G., 1980, Abuses in foreign student recruiting tarnish US colleges’ images abroad, Chronicle of Higher Education, 20(6): 1–17.Google Scholar
  147. Seers, D., 1969, The meaning of development, International Development Review, 99(4).Google Scholar
  148. Seers, D., 1979, The birth, life and death of development economies, Development and Change, 10:707–719.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Short, J., 1985, Learning and teaching development, Harvard Educational Review, 55(l):34–44.Google Scholar
  150. Skocpol, T., and Finegold, K., 1982, State capacity and economic interventions in the early New Deal, Political Sceince Quarterly 97:255–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Smith, M.P., and Feagin, J.R., 1987, “The Capitalist City: Global Restructuring and Community Politics,” Basil Blackwell, New York.Google Scholar
  152. Spaulding, S., and Flack, M., 1976,”The World’s Students in the United States, A Review and Evaluation of Research on Foreign Students,” Praeger, New York.Google Scholar
  153. Sternlieb, G., 1987, Planning — American style, Society, 25(1):21–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Strange, S., 1984, The poverty of multi-lateral economic diplomacy, in: “The United Nations and Diplomacy,” G. Berridge and A. Jennings, eds., Macmillan, New York.Google Scholar
  155. Streeten, P., 1984, Development dichotomies, in: “Pioneers in Development”, Vol. 1, G. Meier and D. Seers, eds., World Bank Publications, pp.337–361.Google Scholar
  156. Streeten, P., et al., 1981, “First Things First: Meeting Basic Human Needs in Developing Countries,” Oxford Univ. Press (for the World Bank), New York.Google Scholar
  157. Streeten, P., 1974, Social Science Research in development: Some problems in the use and transfer of intellectual technology, Journal of Economic Literature, 12:1280–1300.Google Scholar
  158. Summers, L.H., ed., 1988, ‘Understanding Unemployment,” MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  159. Sunkel, O., 1977, The development of development thinking, in: “The Development of Development Thinking,” OECD, Paris, pp.9–17.Google Scholar
  160. Susskind, L.E., 1984, I’d rather invent the future than discover it, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 3(2):89–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Susskind, L., and Cruikshank, J., 1987, “Breaking the Impasse: Consensual Approach to Resolving Public Disputes,” Basic Books, New York.Google Scholar
  162. Susskind, L.E., and Ozawa, C., 1984, Mediated negotiation in the public sector: The planner as mediator, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 4(1)L5–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Sutcliffe, B., ed., 1972, “Studies in the Theory of Imperialism,” Longman, London.Google Scholar
  164. Sutton, F.X., 1982, Rationality, development and scholarship, Items, Social Science Research Council, 36(4).Google Scholar
  165. Szelenyi, I. ed., 1984, “Cities in Recession: Critical Responses to the Urban Policies of the New Right,” Sage, Beverly Hills, CA.Google Scholar
  166. Teitz, M.B., 1984, Planning education and the planning profession, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 3(2):75–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. The Brandt Commission, 1983, North-South: Cooperation for world recovery, “Common Crisis,” MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  168. The Center for Human Settlements, 1984, “Along the North-South Axis: Sharing Responsibilities and Roles for Training in Planning and Development,” Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver.Google Scholar
  169. Turner, J.C., 1965, Lima’s barriadas and corralones: Suburbs versus slums, Ekistics, 19(112)L152–155.Google Scholar
  170. Turner, J.F.C., 1976, “Housing by People: Towards Autonomy in Building Environment,” Pantheon Books, New York.Google Scholar
  171. United Nations University (UNU), April, 1986, Update, 43:3.Google Scholar
  172. University of Cincinnati School of Planning, 1986, “Greece: Summer Program, “Report prepared in cooperation with the Dept. of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.Google Scholar
  173. Von Lane, T.H., 1987, “The World Revolution of Westernization,” Oxford Univ. Press, New York.Google Scholar
  174. Wallerstein, I., 1974, “The Modern World-System,” Vol. 1, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  175. Walton, J., 1977, “Elites and Economic Development: Comparative Studies on the Political Economy of Latin America,” Univ. of Texas, Austin.Google Scholar
  176. Wheaton, W.L.C., 1968, Planning education for development, in: “Urban Planning in the Developing Countries,” J. Herbert and A. Van Hyck, eds., Praeger, New York, pp. 110–122.Google Scholar
  177. White, P.M., 1978, Towards an improved methodology for cross-national planning research, Center for Urban and Regional Studies, University of Birmingham, Working Paper No. 62.Google Scholar
  178. Yusufu, T.M., 1974, Planning for education and training in the least developed countries, UN Journal of Development Planning, 6, ST/ECA/181.Google Scholar
  179. Zetter, R., 1981, Imported or indigenous planning education? Some observations on the needs of developing countries, Third World Planning Review, 3(1):21–41.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bishwapriya Sanyal
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyUSA

Personalised recommendations