Efficiency, Liberty and Justice In Screening for Phenotypic Variation

  • Thomas H. Murray
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 43)


The scientific and social issues raised by the subject of this conference—phenotypic variation and risk assessment—are clearly significant. What is less clear is why one should turn to philosophy for enlightenment on questions that appear to depend more on technologic complexities. Yet once we ask what we should do with our scientific knowledge, we have entered the realm of non-scientific values and in the case before us, of conflict between values. On the one hand is the important non-moral value efficiency; on the other hand are the moral values justice and liberty. A mature science and technology of screening for phenotypic variation could hold great promise for enhancing efficiency. And a tool for public policy decision-making such as cost-benefit analysis that so emphasizes efficiency might well commend the technology for just that reason. Yet if we did adopt large scale screening for phenotypic variation, we could do grave damage to justice and liberty.


Phenotypic Variation Moral Dilemma Occupational Disease Moral Problem Moral Choice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Omenn, G. S., 1982, Predictive identification of hypersusceptible individuals, J of Qcc Med 24:369–374, (1982).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment, 1983, “Genetic Testing in the Workplace,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Murray, T. H., 1984, The Social Context of Workplace Screening, Hastings Cent Rep Oct:21–23.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    National Research Council, 1983, Risk assessment in the federal government: managing the process, National Academy Press: Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Feinberg, J., 1973, “Social Philosophy,” Prentice-Hall: Englewood Cliffs, N.J.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Murray, T. H., 1983, Warning: screening workers for genetic risk, Hastings Cent Rep Feb:5–8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas H. Murray
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for the Medical HumanitiesThe University of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

Personalised recommendations