Prospects of Energy Conservation in Transportation

  • Ugo Lucio Businaro
  • Aldo Fedrighini
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 9)


The oil crisis has put on the foreground, among others, the problem of energy conservation in transportation. Several agenda for actions for decision makers have been prepared in the last years, touching more or less all the possible interventions from increasing the efficiency of each transportation means, especially the automobile, to increasing the use of public transportation.


Energy Conservation Energy Intensity Fuel Economy Gear Ratio Transportation Mode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. B. Rose, “Energy-Intensity and Related Parameters of Selected Transportation Modes: Freight Movements”, ORNL-5554 (June 1979).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. B. Rose, “Energy-Intensity and Related Parameters of Selected Transportation Modes: Passenger Movements”, ORNL-5506 (January 1979).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. U. Ayres, “Worlwide Transportation/Energy Demand Forecast: 1975–2000”, ORNL/Sub-78/13536 (October 1978).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. U. Ayres, L. Ayres, P. Patterson, “Uncertain Transportation Energy Futures — U.S. Compared with other Regions of the World: 1970–2000”, The International Conference on Energy Use Management, Los Angeles (1979).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Hooker, “Some Problems of Definition raised by a Transportation Energy Data Base”, The International Conference on Energy Use Management, Los Angeles (1979).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    National Cooperative Highway Research Program, “Energy Effects, Efficiencies and Prospects for various Modes of Transportation”, Transportation Research Board National Research Council, Washington D.C. (1977).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. R. Brown, C. Flavin, C. Norman, “Running on Empty: the Future of the Automobile in an Oil-Short World”, W.W. Norton & Company, New York (1979).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Frondaroli, P. Patrucco, “Transport Energy Consumption in two EEC Countries — Part I: Italy”, FIAT Centro Ricerche, Orbassano (1977).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Frondaroli, P. Patrucco, “Transport Energy Consumption in two EEC Countries — Part II: Great Britain”, FIAT Centro Ricerche, Orbassano (1977).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. B. Shonka editor., “Transportation Energy Transportation Data Book: Edition 3”, ORNL-5493 Special (February 1979).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    N. N. “L’autotrasporto e le Ferrovie dello Stato di fronte al problema dell’energia”, TRANS - Autocarri e Autobus No. 1 (January/February 1978 ).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. M. Meyer - Abich, “Energieeinsparung als Neue Energiequelle”, Carl Hanser Verlag, München (1979).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ministero dei Trasporti, “Libro bianco: I trasporti in Italia”, Istituto Poligrafico dello Stato, Roma (1977).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Enciclopedia Universale De Agostini (1974–1977).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    “Energy efficiency in passenger and freight transportation. A comparative study of the Swedish situation”, Transport Research Delegation, ISBN 91-85562-19-X (1979).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Colombo et al., “Il rapporto WAES-ITALIA: le alternative strategiche per una politica energetica”, Franco Angeli Editore, Milano (1978).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    F. Taylor, “International Economic Indicators - 1974 Edition”, Long Range Planning Service Stanford Research Institute, Report Nr. 529 (November 1974).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    R. Short, “International Economic Indicators”, Business Intelligence Program, Stanford Research Institute, Nr. 592 (1977).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    O. M. Bevilacqua, “Overview of the Potential for Energy Conservation for Intercity Truck”, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. F. Burke, “The Moving Baseline of Conventional Engine. Powered Passenger Cars (1975 - 1985)”, S.A.E. Technical Paper Series Nr. 780347 (1978).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Authors Various: “Transportation Programming, Economic Analysis, and Evaluation of Energy Constraints”, Transportation Research Board, National Academy of Sciences, Washington D.C. (1976).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    D. Maltby et al., “The U.K. surface passenger transport sector”, Energy Policy (December 1978).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Downs, “Tendances dans Involution du véhicule automobile de lfavenir”. Proceedings IVA ’79, Hamburg.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. M. Doggett et al., “Ten Scenarios of Transportation Energy Conservation Using TECNET”, Final Report. U.S. Department of Energy, HCP/M2101-1 (March 1979).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    R. M. Doggett et al., “Further Development and Use of the Transportation Energy Conservation Network (TECNET)”, U.S. Department of Energy, HCP/M2101-2 (March 1979).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. E. Carrier, “Energy Conservation through Urban Transportation Planning”, Transportation Review (1974).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Authors Various, “Energy and Transportation”, S.A.E. SP-406 (February 1976).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    D. A. Hurter, W.D. Lee, “A Study of Technological Improvements in Automobile Fuel Consumption”, Automotive Fuel Economy, S.A.E. (1976).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Helling, G. Lerner, “Der Künftige Erdölbedarf des Strassenverkehrs - Eine Untersuchung Alternativer Szenarien”, XVII FISITA International Congress, Hamburg (May 5 - 8, 1980 )Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    W. Owen, “Transport, Energy, and Community Design”, Futures (April 1976).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    “Recent developments in urban transportation”, NATO — CCMS, Report Nr. 82 (June 1978).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    C. J. Leising et al, “Waste Heat Recovery in Truck Engines”, S.A.E. Technical Paper Series Nr. 780686 (August 1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Atti del 1° Seminario Informativo su “Conservazione di energia nel campo della trazione”, C.N.R. - Progetto Finalizzato Energetica.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    J. Holroyd, D. Robertson, “Strategies for Area Traffic Control Systems: Present and Future”, TRRL Report LR-569 (1973).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    D. Owens, J. Holroyd, “The Glasgow Experiment: Assessments under Light and Very Low Flow Conditions”, TRRL Report LR 522 (1973).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    N. Gartner, J. Little, H. Gabbay, “Steady State Traffic Optimization by MITROP”, Proc. IFAC/IFIP/FORES 3rd Int. Symp., Columbus, Ohio (1976).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    D. Robertson, “TRANSIT: a Traffic Network Study Tool”, TRRL Report LR-253 (1969).Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    G. Menga, P. Patrucco, “Area Traffic Control: a Decentralized Approach”, presented to EURO-IFIP CONFERENCE (1979).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    M. Inose, “Road Traffic Control with the Particular Reference to Tokyo Traffic Control and Surveillance”, IEEE Proceedings vol. 64 Nr. 7, pp. 1028–1039 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    D. Inaudi, G. Tagliaferri, “Urban Traffic Dynamic Simulation: a Microscopic Approach”, First World Congress on Matematics at the Service of Man., Barcellona (1977).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    H. Strobel, “Traffic Control Systems Analysis by Means of Dynamic State and Input — Output Model”, IIASA-RR-77-12 (1977).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    M. Ternullo, “Analysis and Interpretation of Fuel Consumption in Urban Traffic”, FIAT Centro Ricerche, Internal Report, Orbassano (1978).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Evans, Herman, Lam, “Gasoline Consumption in Urban Traffic”, Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation, Warren, Michigan 48090, Research Publication GMR - 1949 (February 1976).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Chang, Evans, Herman, Wasielewski, “The Influence of Vehicle Characteristics, Driver Behaviour, and Ambient Temperature on Gasoline Consumption in Urban Traffic”, Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation, Warren, Michigan 48090, Research Publication GMR - 1959 (January 1976).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Evans, Herman, Lam, “Multivariate Analysis of Traffic Factors related to Fuel Consumption in Urban Driving”, Research Laboratories General Motors Corporation, Warren, Michigan 48090, Research Laboratories Publication GMR - 1710 (October 1974).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    “Energy balances of O.E.C.D. countries”, O.E.C.D. (1976).Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    U. L. Businaro, G. Bolognesi, “Trends in European Car design”, International Conference on Energy Use Management, Los Angeles, California (October 22–26, 1979 ).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ugo Lucio Businaro
    • 1
  • Aldo Fedrighini
    • 1
  1. 1.FIAT Research Center S.p.A.OrbassanoItaly

Personalised recommendations