Antibodies Reacting with Streptococcus Mutans in Secretions from Minor Salivary Glands in Humans

  • B. Krasse
  • L. Gahnberg
  • D. Bratthall
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 107)


The association between Streptococcus mutans and dental caries has stimulated a great deal of interest in the possibility of producing salivary antibodies directed against this microorganism (1). Injection of antigen into the salivary tissue or instillation of antigen in the parotid duct has been shown to induce salivary IgA antibodies in rodents and primates (2–4). These methods of immunization are probably inappropriate for humans, but it has been suggested that the minor salivary glands which are located superficially and have short secretory ducts could be stimulated by retrograde flow of oral antigens (4,5). The secretions from these glands contain a high concentration of IgA (5), and in the present study the level of IgA antibodies reacting with S. mutans has been examined. In addition, the effect of topical application of a S. mutans vaccine on the concentration of specific IgA antibodies was studied.


Dental Caries Streptococcus Mutans Minor Salivary Gland Parotid Saliva Cotton Roll 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bowen, W. H., Genco, R. J. and O’Brien, T. C, in Immunologic Aspects of Dental Caries (A special supplement to Immunology Abstracts). Information Retrieval Inc., Washington, D.C. and London, 1976.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Taubman, M. A. and Smith, D. J., Infect. Immun. 9: 1079, 1974.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    McGhee, J. R., Michalek, S. M., Webb, J., Navia, J. M., Rahman, A.F.R. and Legier, D. W., J. Immunol. 114: 300, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Emmings, F.G., Evans, R. T. and Genco, R. J., Infect. Immun. 12: 281, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Crawford, J. M., Taubman, M. A. and Smith, D. J., Science 190: 1206, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Engvall, E. and Perlmann, P., J. Immunol. 109: 129, 1973.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bratthall, D,, Gahnberg, L. and Krasse, B., Arch. Oral Biol. (to be published).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Krasse, B., Arch. Oral Biol. 11: 429, 1966.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bratthall, D., Odont. Rev. 21: 143, 1970.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Carlsson, J., Newbrun, E. and Krasse, B., Arch. Oral Biol. 14: 469, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bratthall, D. and Gibbons, R. J., Infect. Immun. 11: 603, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Arnold, R. R., Mestecky, J. and McGhee, J. R., Infect. Immun. 14: 355, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ahlstedt, S., Carlsson, B., Hanson, L. A. and Goldblum, R. M., Scand. J. Immunol. 4: 535, 1975.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Goldblum, R. M., Ahlstedt, S., Carlsson, B., Hanson, L. A., Jodal, U., Lidin-Jonson, G. and Sohl-Akerlund, A., Nature (London) 257: 797, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Michalek, S. M., McGhee, J. R., Mestecky, J., Arnold, R. R. and Bozzo, L., Science 192: 1238, 1976.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    South, M. A., Cooper, M. D., Wolheim, F. A. and Good, R. A., Amer. J. Med. 44: 168, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brandtzaeg, P., Fjellanger, J. and Gjeruldsen, S., Scand. J. Haematol. Suppl. No. 12, 1970.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Krasse
    • 1
  • L. Gahnberg
    • 1
  • D. Bratthall
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cariology, Faculty of OdontologyUniversity of GöteborgGöteborgSweden

Personalised recommendations