Ecosensory Functions in Insects (with Remarks on Arachnida)

  • M. Gogala
Part of the NATO Advanced Study Institutes Series book series (NSSA, volume 18)


The large number of insect species and their adaptations to the diversity of habitats and modes of life present an inexhaustable source for the study of ecophysiological adaptations in general and ecosensory functions in particular. According to the data from Borror and DeLong (1971) given in Romoser’s (1973) handbook there are over 700,000 insect species described, with the biggest systematic groups being Coleoptera (290,000), Lepidoptera (110,000), Hymenoptera (100,000), Diptera (90,000), Hemiptera (55,000) and Orthoptera (20,000). All the other groups do not exceed 5,000 known species. Even the evaluation of ecosensory functions of bigger groups of insects such as Coleoptera, Hymenoptera or Diptera would require a lot of work and perhaps all the pages in this book. So the only possibility to remain in the reasonable limits of a chapter is to restrict ourselves to certain modalities and certain cases of sensory adaptations which seem to be typical of insects. Because of many similarities between the two groups there are some remarks added also for Arachnida, another important group of Arthropoda, which was almost as successful in the evolution as Insecta (estimated number of species 30,000).


Spectral Sensitivity Visual Pigment Substrate Vibration Sound Communication Front Wing 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gogala
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biology, Biotechnical FacultyUniversity of LjubljanaYugoslavia
  2. 2.Institute of BiologyUniversity of LjubljanaYugoslavia

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