Ecological Factors Relating to Child Growth and Nutritional Status

  • L. A. Malcolm
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 49)


In human ecosystems, the impact of the environment is felt most forcibly on the growing child, particularly in the early years of life. Exposure to a hostile world after leaving the protection of the maternal uterus is followed in all societies by a death rate which is reached again only in old age. However, the range of environmental hazards to which the growing and surviving child is exposed varies widely in different societies. Of all the indices available to measure the impact of these hazards, few are as informative or as sensitive as the variation displayed in the physical growth of children.1


Birth Weight Preschool Child Ecological Factor Skinfold Thickness Urban Child 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Malcolm
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public HealthKonedobuPapua New Guinea

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