Why Man is Prior to Science in any Science of Man

The Epistemological Order of Value and Fact
  • John Charles Cooper
Part of the PATH in Psychology book series (PATH)


Harold G. Coward and Joseph R. Royce, in their original1 contribution to this volume (pp. 109–134) entitled “Toward an Epistemological Basis for Humanistic Psychology,” discuss the difference between traditional empirical twentieth-century psychology and the newly developing humanistic psychology in terms of the distinction Martin Buber makes between “I-It” and “I-Thou.” They observe correctly that for some two centuries the empirical questions of natural science have provided the dominant framework for Western thought in general and the specific development of psychology as well. This rigid empirical viewpoint has given us a one-dimensional concept of man, and because of this we have largely lost any vision of man as a total being, dividing him, intellectually, into various systems, stimuli, and responses.


Positive Instance Humanistic Psychology Sexual Excitation Pointer Reading Epistemological Basis 
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  2. Sartre, J. P. Being and nothingness (H. E. Barnes, trans.). New York: Philosophical Library, 1956.Google Scholar
  3. Schlick, M. Meaning and verification. Philosophical Review, 1936, 45, 339–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Tillich, P. Das System der Wissenschaften nach Gegenstanden und Methoden. Ein Entwurf. Gottingen: Vanderhoeck und Ruprecht, 1923.Google Scholar
  5. Tillich, P. Religions philosophic In M. Dessoir (Ed.), Philosophie in ehren Einzelgebieten. Berlin: Ullstein, 1925.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Charles Cooper
    • 1
  1. 1.Winebrenner Theological SeminaryFindlayUSA

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