Amine Transmitters and their Associated Second Messenger Systems



The biogenic amines form an important group of compounds, based on the phenylethylamine or indolamine structures (Figure 4.1). Catecholamines are widely distributed throughout the animal kingdom, as they have been detected in all the major groups of invertebrates and vertebrates (see Welsh, 1972). Serotonin has been detected in all classes of invertebrates and vertebrates, with the exception of the Echinoderms (Robertson and Juorio, 1976).


Tyrosine Hydroxylase Adenylate Cyclase Biogenic Amine Nervous Tissue Cyclic Nucleotide 
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