Influence of Quaternary Ammonium Salts on Cellulose Modification

  • William H. Daly
  • John D. Caldwell
  • Kien Van Phung
  • Robert Tang
Part of the Polymer Science and Technology book series (POLS)


Current interest in cellulose chemistry is focused on two areas; a) development of cellulose solvents to provide direct methods for solution spinning and b) development of techniques to control distribution of substituents along the cellulose backbone. Homogeneous substitution,i.e., random distribution of substituents among all the anhydroglucose units in the chain,can be accomplished by initial dissolution of the cellulose substrate followed by reaction in a homogenious media.1 However,solutions of native cellulose are extremely viscous, so it is unlikely that substrate concentration levels high enough to allow commercially feasible production of derivatives could be employed.


Quaternary Ammonium Salt Ethyl Cellulose Benzyl Chloride Anionic Polymerization Phase Transfer Catalysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    A. F. Turbak, R. B. Hammer, R. E. Davies, H. L. Hergert, Chemtech., 10, 51 (1980); B. Philipp, H. Schleicher, and W. Wagenknecht, Chemtech, 7, 702 (1977); C. L. McCormick and T. S. Shen in “Macromol. Solutions-Prop. Relat. Polym., (Pap. Symp.)” ed. by R. B. Seymour and G. A. Stahl, Pergamon, New York, 1982, p. 101.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. M. Starks and C. Liotta, “Phase Transfer Catalysis, Principles and Techniques”, Academic Press, New York, 1978; W. P. Weber and G. W. Gokel, “Phase Transfer Catalysis in Organic Synthesis” Springer Verlag, Berlin, 1977.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    W. H. Daly and J. Caldwell, J. Polymer Sci. Polymer Letters, 17, 55 (1979).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Gomberg and C. Buchler, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 43, 1904 (1921); H. Okada, Cellulose Chemie, 12, 11 (1931); D. Traill, J. Soc. Chem. Ind. Trans, and Comm. 337T (1934).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. J. Lorand and E. A. Georgi, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 59, 1166 (1937).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Dockx, Synthesis, 441 (1973).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. B. Savage, “Ethyl Cellulose”, in Encyclopedia of Polymer Science, 3, 475 (1965).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. M. Bikales “Ethers from, -Unsaturated Compounds”, in “Cellulose and Cellulose Derivatives, Vol V, Part V” (N. M. Bikales and L. Segal,Eds.), Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1971, p 811.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    ASTM D 1439-63T (1963).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • William H. Daly
    • 1
  • John D. Caldwell
    • 1
  • Kien Van Phung
    • 1
  • Robert Tang
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA

Personalised recommendations