Physiologic and Situational Determinants of Drinking Behavior
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Sober alcoholics are presumed to be more susceptible to relapse during states of emotional dysphoria. A prior study investigating situations most conducive to craving for alcohol reveals that 93% of alcoholics claim to experience craving when depressed, 90% when nervous, 88% when worried, 78% when feeling bad, 77% when under stress and 72% after failure: in contrast, only 35% of alcoholics claim craving when successful, 30% when happy, 23% when feeling good and 18% when relaxed (Ludwig and Stark, 1974). Toker, et al., 1973, similarly report that alcoholics, in comparison to normal controls, are most likely to go to the bar, drink, smoke and take pills whenever they feel helpless, depressed, angry and anxious. While these findings are hardly surprising, it is necessary to point out that such claims by alcoholics have never been tested adequately under laboratory conditions.
KeywordsBinge Drinker Drinking Behavior Alcohol Withdrawal Alpha Activity Label Condition
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