Craving for Alcohol: Role of Drinking Pattern, Psychosocial History, Cognitive Style, Motor Control and Personality Variables
Craving, or the compulsion for alcohol, has long been thought to be a cardinal characteristic of the addictive process. Over the years the term has been variously employed, and even today there is a notable absence of consensual agreement about its precise meaning. The construct of craving has been used to describe the desire for alcohol as a primarily physiological need during withdrawal; it has also been employed to describe a motivational condition or absence of self control after a small amount of alcohol has been consumed (loss of control); and thirdly, the craving concept has been advanced to describe an experiential state and psychological need for alcohol during periods of sobriety (Isbell, 1955; Jellinek, 1955).
KeywordsCognitive Style Drinking Pattern Drinking History Psychosocial History Compulsive Nature
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Isbell, H. Craving for alcohol. Quart. J. Studies Alc, 16: 38–42, 1955.Google Scholar
- Jellinek, E. The “craving” for alcohol. Quart. J. Studies Alc, 16: 35–38, 1955.Google Scholar
- Litman, G. Stress, affect and craving in alcoholics; the single case as a research strategy. Quart. J. Studies Alc, 35: 131–146, 1974.Google Scholar
- Ludwig, A. On and off the wagon; reasons for drinking and abstaining by alcoholics. Quart. J. Studies Alc, 33: 91–96, 1972.Google Scholar
- Ludwig, A., and Stark, L. Alcohol craving; subjective and situational aspects. Quart. J. Studies Alc, 35: 899–905, 1974.Google Scholar
- Ludwig, A., and Wikler, A. “Craving” and relapse to drink. Quart. J. Studies Alc. 35: 108–130, 1974.Google Scholar
- Wanberg, K.W. The prevalence of symptoms found among excessive drinkers. Intern. J. Addictions, 4: 169–185, 1969.Google Scholar
- Wanberg, K.W., and Horn, J.L. Alcoholism symptom patterns of men and women: A comparative study. Quart. J. Studies Alc. 31: 40–61, 1970.Google Scholar
- Wanberg, K.W., and Horn, J.L. Alcoholism syndromes related to sociological classifications. Intern. J. Addictions, 8: 99–120, 1973.Google Scholar
- Wanberg, K., Horn, J., and Foster, M. A differential model for the diagnosis of alcoholism: Scales of the Alcohol Use Questionnaire. (Unpublished Manual) Fort Logan Mental Health Center, Alcoholism Division, Denver, Colorado.Google Scholar
- Witkin, H., Karp, S., and Goodenough, D. Dependence in alcoholics. Quart. J. Studies Alc. 20: 493–504, 1959.Google Scholar