Craving for Alcohol: Role of Drinking Pattern, Psychosocial History, Cognitive Style, Motor Control and Personality Variables
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Craving, or the compulsion for alcohol, has long been thought to be a cardinal characteristic of the addictive process. Over the years the term has been variously employed, and even today there is a notable absence of consensual agreement about its precise meaning. The construct of craving has been used to describe the desire for alcohol as a primarily physiological need during withdrawal; it has also been employed to describe a motivational condition or absence of self control after a small amount of alcohol has been consumed (loss of control); and thirdly, the craving concept has been advanced to describe an experiential state and psychological need for alcohol during periods of sobriety (Isbell, 1955; Jellinek, 1955).
KeywordsCognitive Style Drinking Pattern Drinking History Psychosocial History Compulsive Nature
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