Advertisement

Pesticides and food additives in sugarcane and sugar products

  • H. Wayne Hilton
Conference paper
  • 37 Downloads
Part of the Residue Reviews / Rückstands-Berichte book series (RECT, volume 15)

Abstract

World production of crystalline, centrifugal sugar (sucrose) for the year ending in May, 1965 has been estimated at 65,693,0001 short tons. Of this total, 36,333,000 tons was derived from sugarcane and 29,360,000 tons from sugarbeets. In addition, about 7,700,000 tons of non-centrifugal (unpurified) sugar was produced from sugarcane for local consumption, mainly in Central and South America and in Asia.

Keywords

Filter Cake Sugar Product Sugarcane Juice Ratoon Crop Sugar Factory 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aly, O. M., and S. D. Faust: Determination of Phenoxyacetic Acids with J and Phenyl J acids. Anal. Chem. 36, 2200 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ambler, J. A.: Impurities in white sugars. III. Determination of labile organic sulfur. Ind. Eng. Chem., anal. ed. 3, 341 (1931).Google Scholar
  3. Ambler, J. A., J. B. Snider, and S. Byall: Impurities in white sugars. II. Determination of sulfates, sulfites and aldehyde-sulfites. Ind. Eng. Chem., anal. ed. 3, 339 (1931).Google Scholar
  4. Anderson, C. A., and J. M. Adams: Colorimetric determination of Dexon residues in crops. J. Agr. Food Chem. 11, 474 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Anonymous: Absorption of arsenic by the cane crop. Cane Growers’ Quart. Bull. (Queensland) 1, 41 (1933).Google Scholar
  6. Anonymous, Radioactive 2,4-D traced in plants. Repts. Expt. Sta. Committee, Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Assoc. p. 49 (1950).Google Scholar
  7. Anonymous, Inorganic constituents of sugars and sugar products. Rept. Subcommittee on Subj. #25 to Brit. Nat. Committee of ICUMSA. Internat. Sugar J. 60, 136 (1958).Google Scholar
  8. Arceneaux, G.: Report of the Committee on Technique of Field Experiments. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 6, 387 (1938, Publ. 1939).Google Scholar
  9. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists: Monofluoroacetic acid (sodium salt). Official methods of analysis, 9th ed. Washington, D.C. 1950.Google Scholar
  10. Barton, F. M.: Benzene hexachloride for the control of Lepidiota frenchi grubs in cane (Queensland). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 7, 411 (1950, Publ. 1951).Google Scholar
  11. Binkley, W. W., and M. L. Wolfrom: Composition of cane juice and cane final molasses. Adv. Carbohydrate Chem. 8, 291 (1953).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Bleidner, W. E.: Application of chromatography in determination of micro quantities of 3-(P-chlorophenyl)-l,l-dimethylurea. J. Agr. Food Chem. 2, 682 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bleidner, W. E., H. M. Baker, M. Levitsky, and W. K. Lowen: Determination of 3- (p-chlorophenyl) -1,1-dimethylurea in soils and plant tissue. J. Agr. Food Chem. 2, 476 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Borden, R. J.: Plot size and replication for field experiments with unirrigated sugarcane (Hawaii). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 4, 104, Bull. no. 10 (1932).Google Scholar
  15. Borden, R. J., Studies on experimental technique: plot arrangement (Hawaii). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 6, 733 (1938, Publ. 1939).Google Scholar
  16. Bottini, E.: L’anilisi cromatografica al servizio della repressione delle frodi e delle sofisticazioni nella preparazione e nel commercio dei prodotti alimentari. Chim. e ind. (Milan) 39, 93 (1957).Google Scholar
  17. Burr, G. O., C. E. Hartt, H. W. Brodie, T. Tanimoto, H. P. Kortschak, D. Takahashi, F. M. Ashton, and R. E. Coleman: The sugarcane plant. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 8, 275 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Casanovas, E.: Normas para la recolección de muestras de caña de azúcar y su análisis químico. Rev. facultad agron Univ. rep. (Montevideo) No. 18, 69 (1939).Google Scholar
  19. Cassill, C. C.: Extension of the rapid volumetric micro method for determining arsenic. J. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists 24, 196 (1941).Google Scholar
  20. Cassill, C. C., and H. J. Wlchman: A rapid volumetric micro method for determining arsenic. J. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists 22, 436 (1939).Google Scholar
  21. Dalton, R. L., and H. L. Pease: Determination of residues of diuron, monuron, fenuron, and neburon. J. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists 45, 377 (1962).Google Scholar
  22. Darroch, J. G., F. C. Denison, and L. J. Rhodes: The application of the pol ratio method of cane analysis (Hawaii). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 10, 199 (1959, Publ. 1960).Google Scholar
  23. De Launoy, O.: Etude chromatographique des dérivés phenoliques d’une mélasse de Betteravé. Suer. Belge 82, 241 (1963).Google Scholar
  24. Deschreider, A. R., and J. Frateur: Dosage des dérivés bromés dans les mélasses de sucrerie. Inds. Aliment et Agr. (Paris) 74, 541 (1957).Google Scholar
  25. De Whalley, H. C. S.: The balance of lead in West Indian sugar factories. 10th Congress Internat. Ind. Agr. Aliment (Madrid) 2, 1354 (1954); from Sugar Ind. Abstr. 17, 49 (1955).Google Scholar
  26. DDe Whalley, H. C. S., ed. Internat. Commission for Uniform Methods of Sugar Analysis: Methods of sugar analysis. Amsterdam/London/New York: Elsevier 1964.Google Scholar
  27. Douwes D,. K.: The determination of certain qualities of individual consignments of cane. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 9, 722 (1956 a).Google Scholar
  28. Douwes D,. K., The determination of certain qualities of individual consignments of cane. II. Progress report. The homogeneity of cane fields. Commun. Sugar Milling Research Inst. (Durban, S. Africa) No. 31 (1956 b).Google Scholar
  29. Fontana, P., e O. Colagrande: Richerche sail contenuto di arsénico nello zucchero. Ind. conserve (Parma) 36, 223 (1961).Google Scholar
  30. Gray, T. D.: Determination of lead in sugar and sugar products—an adaptation of the diphenylthiocarbazone (dithizone) reaction. Ind. Eng. Chem., anal. ed. 14, 110 (1942).Google Scholar
  31. Gupta, B. D.: Studies on the control of termites in sugarcane (India). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 10, 961 (1959, Publ. 1960).Google Scholar
  32. Hance, F. E.: Unpublished data, Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Assoc. 1939–1943.Google Scholar
  33. Harvey, J. L.: Chemicals used for the control of microorganisms in cane-sugar mills. Fed. Reg. 9793 (1964).Google Scholar
  34. Hawaiian Sugar Technologists: Official methods for control of cane sugar factories. 1955.Google Scholar
  35. Hilton, H. W., and G. Uyehara: Determination of 3-amino-l,2,4-triazole in sugarcane and sugar juice. J. Agr. Food Chem. 14, 90 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Holmes, R. L., and A. M O’Neal: A study of the number of stalks of cane required for accuracy in sampling experimental plots. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 6, 760 (1938, Publ. 1939).Google Scholar
  37. Jacobs, M. B.: The determination of thallium in urine. Amer. Ind. Hygiene Assoc. J. 23, 411 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Iturbe, A. C., and M. A. Ruano: The sugarcane froghopper and its control in Mexico. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 11, 650 (1962, Publ. 1963).Google Scholar
  39. Kerr, H. W.: Field sampling (Queensland). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 4, 109 (1932).Google Scholar
  40. Kerr, H. W., Report of the committee on field experimentation. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 5, 244 (1935, Publ. 1936).Google Scholar
  41. Kerr, H. W., Cane sampling methods with field experiments (Queensland). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 6, 399 (1938, Publ. 1939 a).Google Scholar
  42. Kerr, H. W., Notes on plot technique (Queensland). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 6, 764 (1938, Publ. 1939 b).Google Scholar
  43. Kimura, Y., and V. L. Miller: Mercury determination at the microgram level by a reduction-aeration method of concentration. Anal. chim. Acta 27, 325 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Kirkland, J. J., and H. L. Pease: Determination of polychlorinated benzoic acid herbicide residues by gas chromatography. J. Agr. Food Chem. 12, 468 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Knüsli, E.: Ametryne. In G. Zweig, ed.: Analytical methods for pesticides, plant growth regulators, and food additives. Vol. 4, p. 13. New York and London: Academic Press 1964.Google Scholar
  46. Knüsli, E., Atrazine. In G. Zweig, ed.: Analytical methods for pesticides, plant growth regulators and food additives. Vol. 4, p. 33. New York and London: Academic Press 1964.Google Scholar
  47. Knüsli, E., H. P. Burchfield, and E. E. Storrs: Simazine. In G. Zweig, ed.: Analytical methods for pesticides, plant growth regulators, and food additives. Vol. 4, p. 213. New York and London: Academic Press 1964.Google Scholar
  48. Kroller, E.: Anwendung und Eigenschaften des 3-Amino-l,2,4-triazols im Hinblick auf seine Rückstände in Lebensmitteln. Residue Reviews 12, 162 (1966).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Le Poidevin, N., and L. A. Robinson: Foliar analysis procedures as employed on the Booker group of sugar estates in British Guiana. I. Sampling and analytical techniques. Proc. Brit. West Indies Sugar Technol. 132 (1960).Google Scholar
  50. Loeffler, W. W.: Chemagro Corp. Research Rept. No. 12, 802 (1964).Google Scholar
  51. Long, W. H., and E. J. Concienne: Recommendations for sugarcane insect control in 1964 (Louisiana). Sugar Bull. 42, 183 (1964).Google Scholar
  52. Long, W. H., E. J. Concienne, L. D. Newsom, S. D. Hensley, and W. J. McCörmick: Control of the sugarcane borer with insecticides (Louisiana). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 10, 947 (1959, Publ. 1960).Google Scholar
  53. Lowen, W. K., and H. M. Baker: Determination of macro and micro quantities of 3- (p-chlorophenyl) -1,1 -dimethylurea. Anal. Chem. 24, 1475 (1952).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Marquardt, R. P., H. P. Burchfield, E. E. Storrs, and A. Bevenue: 2,4-Dichloro- phenoxyacetic acid. In G. Zweig, ed.: Analytical methods for pesticides, plant growth regulators, and food additives. Vol. 4, p. 95. New York and London: Academic Press 1964.Google Scholar
  55. Marquardt, R. P., and E. N. Luce: A new basic procedure for determining phenoxy acid herbicides in agricultural products. J. Agr. Food Chem. 9, 266 (1961).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Martin, J. P., ed.: Sugarcane diseases of the world. Vol. 1, p. 236. Amsterdam/ London/New York/Princeton: Elsevier 1961.Google Scholar
  57. Martinez, B. R.: The analysis of sugarcane experiments. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 9, 418 (1956).Google Scholar
  58. Mathes, R., L. J. Charpentier, and W. E. Haley: Effect of insecticides applied for control of soil arthropods on yield of sugarcane in Louisiana 1953–4. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 9, 817 (1956).Google Scholar
  59. Mathes, R., L. J. Charpentier, and W. J. McCormick: Effects of insecticides applied for control of soil arthropods on yields of sugarcane in Louisiana 1955–60. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 11, 665 (1962, Publ. 1963).Google Scholar
  60. Maruta, Y., and I. Matubara: Quantitative analysis of inorganic compounds in blackstrap molasses. I. Determination of Fe, Mn, Sn, Cu and Pb. Hakkô Kyô- kaishi 15, 187 (1957 a).Google Scholar
  61. Maruta, Y., and I. Matubara, Quantitative analysis of inorganic compounds in blackstrap molasses. II. Determination of Ba, Sr, and As. Hakko Kyokaishi 15, 189 (1957 b).Google Scholar
  62. Merry, C. A. F., D. W. Fewkes, and A. J. Vlitos: Chemical control of the sugarcane froghopperAeneolamia varia saccharina (Distant) (Trinidad). Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 11, 642 (1962, Publ. 1963).Google Scholar
  63. Mungomery, R. W.: Problems of arsenic applications to soÜs. Cane Growers’ Quart. Bull. (Queensland) 5, 151 (1938).Google Scholar
  64. Mungomery, R. W., The status of benzene hexachloride in the control of some Queensland sugarcane pests. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 7, 404 (1950, Publ. 1951).Google Scholar
  65. Parthasarathi, K., and M. Vljayasaradhy: On the phenolic content of sugarcane and spontaneum juices. Current Sci. (India) 27, 218 (1958).Google Scholar
  66. Payne, J. H., and H. I. Mahon: The pol ratio method for evaluating cane quality. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 9, 436 (1956).Google Scholar
  67. Pease, H. L.: Separation and colorimetric determination of monuron and diuron residues. J. Agr. Food Chem. 10, 279 (1962).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Pemberton, C. E.: Report on entomology. Proc. Ann. Meeting Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Assoc. 54, 19 (1934).Google Scholar
  69. Ramsay, L. L.: Report on sodium fluoroacetate (1080). J. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists 36, 597 (1953).Google Scholar
  70. Ramsay, L. L. Report on sodium fluoroacetate (1080). J. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists 37, 581 (1954).Google Scholar
  71. Ramsay, L. L., and P. A. Clifford: Determination of monofluoroacetic acid in foods and biological materials. J. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists 32, 788 (1949).Google Scholar
  72. Ramsay, L. L., and P. A. Clifford, Report on sodium fluoroacetate (1080). J. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists 33, 608 (1950).Google Scholar
  73. Saunier, R.: Constituanta inorganiques des sucres e des products sucres. Sucr. Franc. 104, 1 (1963).Google Scholar
  74. Smith, G. N., M. E. Getzendaner, and A. H. Kutschinski: Determination of 2,2-dichloropropionic acid (dalapon) in sugarcane. J. Agr. Food Chem. 5, 675 (1957).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Storherr, R. W., and J. Burke: Determination of 3-amino-l,2,4-triazole in crops. J. Assoc. Official Agr. Chemists 44, 196 (1961).Google Scholar
  76. Szulc, J.: Polarographic method for determination of surface-active substances in juice and sugar solution (translated title). Gaz. Cukrownicza 58, 295 (1956).Google Scholar
  77. Du Toit, J. L., W. Buchanan, G. C. Dymond, W. G. Galbraith, J. D. Millar, G. S. Moberly, and J. Rault: Report of the committee on standardization of chemical control. Proc. Ann. Congress S. African Sugar Technol. Assoc. 22, 53 (1948).Google Scholar
  78. Tsao, C., and P. Liang: Paper chromatographic determination of lead and copper impurities in drugs. Yao Hsiieh Hsiieh Pao 4, 339 (1956).Google Scholar
  79. U. S. Department of Agriculture: Agr. Handbook 290: Suggested guide for the use of insecticides to control insects affecting crops, livestock, and households, p. 26, U.S. Govt. Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 1965.Google Scholar
  80. Vagholkar, B. P., N. B. Patwardhan, and S. S. Iyer: Sampling of sugarcane for chemical analysis. Indian J. Agr. Science 10, 45 (1940).Google Scholar
  81. van der Pol, C., and C. M. Young: The determination of certain qualities of individual consignments of cane. iv. The determination of fiber percent cane by direct analysis. Quart. Bull. Sugar Milling Research Inst. (Durban, S. Africa) No. 5, 9 (1958).Google Scholar
  82. Wlsmer, C A.: A promising new fungicide for the control of Pythium root rot of sugarcane seedlings in flats. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 10, 1133 (1959, Publ. 1960).Google Scholar
  83. Wolcott, G. N.: The control of white grubs in Puerto Rico. Proc. Internat. Soc. Sugarcane Technol. 7, 417 (1950, Publ. 1951).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1966

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Wayne Hilton
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry DepartmentHawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association Experiment StationHonoluluUSA

Personalised recommendations