Somatostatins of the Channel Catfish

  • Jack E. Dixon
  • P. C. Andrews
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 188)


Pancreatic tissue of the channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) contains two somatostatins. The amino acid sequence of a 14-residue containing peptide (SS-14) is identical in sequence and has the same mass ion by fast atom bombardment mass spectrometry as mammalian SS-14. A 22-residue somatostatin (SS-22) has also been isolated and its amino acid sequence determined. The amino acid sequence differs from that reported by Oyama et al. (J Biol Chem 255:2251, 1980) in two of the 22-residues (positions 5 and 19). Somatostatin-22 is a glycoprotein, with carbohydrate attached at Thr-5. Several 22-residue peptides have been purified and all of them have identical amino acid compositions and different carbohydrate structure and/or composition. SS-22 has 7 amino acid residues which are identical to those observed in SS-14. The nucleotide sequence of the two cDNAs coding for SS-14 and SS-22 have been determined. The mRNAs encode precursors to SS-14 and SS-22 of 114 and 105 residues, respectively. The two precursors also have different amino acid sequence at the site of prohormone proteolytic processing. Analysis of genomic DNA reveals that SS-14 and SS-22 sequences are present on different restriction fragments and thus are encoded by separate genes.


Channel Catfish Growth Hormone Release Ictalurus Punctatus 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jack E. Dixon
    • 1
  • P. C. Andrews
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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