• Fernando Rueda-Franco
Part of the Principles of Pediatric Neurosurgery book series (PRINCPEDIATR)


Some authors state that Hippocrates alluded to cysticercosis, although in the book by Adams1 entitled The Genuine Works of Hippocrates, there is no reference to this effect.1 However, Aristophanes, in one of his comedies written about 390 B.C., referred to the bladders of cysticerci and how to search for them in pigs’ tongues, accurately comparing their appearance to that of hailstones.2 In his History of Animals, Aristotle (384–322 B.C.) described the diseases of pigs, which he classified in three types. The third of these is described as follows:... pigs whose meat is tender have bladders which are like hailstones in the region of the thigh, neck, and loin; these are the regions in which they generally appear. If they are few in number, the meat is leaner; if there are many, the meat becomes soft and filled with serous fluid. Pigs affected with this disease are easily recognized; in effect, the bladders can be seen on the inferior surface of the tongue where they are particularly abundant. Furthermore, the sick animals cannot keep their hind legs still. However, pigs do not suffer from this disease while they are nursing. The bladders can be made to disappear with “spelt wheat” (a species of wheat from cold, poor lands), which at the same time serves as fodder.3


Intracranial Hypertension Decompressive Craniectomy Endothelial Hyperplasia Rostellar Hook Cerebral Cysticer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Adams F: The Genuine Works of Hippocrates. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1939.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aristophanes: Las Once Comedias. Editorial Porrua, Mexico City, 1976.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aristotle: Historie des Animaux, Vol. III, book VIII, paragraph XXI. Société d’Edition “Les Belles Lettres,” Paris, 1969, 48-49.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Henneberg R: Die tierischen Parasiten des Zentralnervensystem. In: Lewandowsky M (ed.). Handbuch der Neurologie, Vol. III. Springer, Berlin, 1912.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Griesinger W: Cisticerken und ihre Diagnose. Archives für Heilkunde 1862. 3, Gesammelte Abhandlungen, 1972 s.399 Berlin.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Virchow R: Traubenhydatiden der weichen Hirnhaut. Virchows Archiv für pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medizin 16:528, 1860.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zenker FA: Urber den Cysticercus racemosus des Gehirns. In: Festschrift für Henle. Bonn, 1882.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lombroso C: Mania epilettica con cisticerchi nell cervello e nel rené. Riv Clin Bologna 6:232, 1867.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Heller A: Invasionskrankheiten. Ziemssen’s Handbuch der spez. Pathol Ther 3:356, 1874.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Askanazy M: Ein wichtiger Fall von Cysticercusbildung an der Gehirnbasis mit Ateritis iblit. Cerebralis. Nach Prof. Zenker ein Rückgebildeter Cysticercus racemosus. Zieglers Beiträge Zur pathologischen Anatomie und zur allgemeinen Pathologie 7:23, 1890.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Volovatz E: Ladrerie du Cysticercose Chez l’homme. Thesis, Paris, 1902.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Obrador S: Clinical aspects of cerebral cysticercosis. Arch Neurol Psychiatr 59:457–68, 1948.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hernandez GH: Cerebral cysticercosis in Mexico. Neurology 11:824–828, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Latovicki N, Abrams G, Clark C, et al.: Cerebral cysticercosis. Neurology 28:838–842, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Apuzzo MLJ, Dobkin W, Zee CS, et al.: Surgical considerations in treatment of intraventircular cysticercosis. An analysis of 45 cases. J Neurosurg 60:400, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Stern WE: Neurosurgical considerations of cysticercosis of the central nervous system. J Neurosurg 55:382, 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lopez-Hernández A, Garaizar C: Manifestations of infantile cerebral cysticercosis. In: Palacios E, Rodriguez-Carbajal J, Taveras JM (eds.). Cysticercosis of the Central Nervous System. Springfield, IL, Charles C Thomas, 1983, 69–83.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Thompson AJ, De Villers JC, Moosa A, et al: Cerebral cysticercosis in children in South Africa. Ann Trop Paediatri 4:67, 1984.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Stoll NR: This wormy world. J Parasitol 33:1, 1947.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Escobar A, Nieto D: Cysticercosis. In: Minkler J (ed.). Pathology of the Nervous System, Vol. 3. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1972, 2507–2515.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sotelo J, Guerrero V, Rubio F: Neurocysticercosis: a new classification based on active and inactive forms. A study of 753 cases. Arch Intern Med 145:442, 1985.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zenteno-Alanis GH: A classification of human cysticercosis. In: Flisser A, Willms K, Laclette J, et al. (eds.). Cysticercosis. Present State of Knowledge and Perspectives. Academics Press, New York, 1982, 107–126.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Salazar A, Sotelo J, Martinez H, et al.: Differential diagnosis between ventriculitis and fourth ventricle cyst in neurocysticercosis. J Neurosurg 59:660, 1983.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Rodriguez-Carbajal J, Palacios E, Azar-Kia B, et al.: Radiology of cysticercosis of the central nervous system including computed tomography. Radiology 125:127, 1977.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zee CS, Tsai FY, Segall HD, et al.: Entrance of metrizamide into an intraventricular cysticercosis cyst. AJNR 2:189, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Nieto D: Cysticercosis of the nervous system: diagnosis by means of the spinal fluid complement fixation test. Neurology (Minneapolis) 6:725–738, 1956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mahajan RC, Cleopruts JS, Chitkara N: Comparative evaluation of indirect hemagglutination and complement fixation tests in serodiagnosis of cysticercosis. Indian J Med Res 63:121–125, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Percy AK, Byrd SE, Locke G: Cerebral cysticercosis. Pediatrics 66:967–971, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    McCormick GF, Zee CS, Heiden J: Cysticercosis cerebri: review of 127 cases. Arch Neurol 39:534–539, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Flisser A, Pérez-Montfort R, Larralde C: The immunology of human and animal cysticercosis. Clin Exp Immunol 39:26, 1980.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Miller B, Goldberg MA, Heiner D, et al.: A new immunologie test for CNS cysticercosis. Neurology (Cleveland) 34:695, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Larralde C, Laclette JP, Owen CS, et al.: Reliable serology of Taenia solium cysticercosis with antigens from cyst vesicular fluid: ELIS A and hemagglutination tests. Am J Trop Med Hyg 35:965, 1986.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Robles C, Chavarria M: Un caso de cisticercosis cerebral curado medicamente, Gac Med Mex 116:165, 1980.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Gomez JG, Mejia A: Tratamiento de la neuro-cisticercosis con praziquantel. Neurol Col 4:503–509, 1980.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Botero D, Castano S: Treatment of cysticercosis with praziquantel in Colombia. Am J Trop Med Hyg 31:811, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Spina-Franca A, Nobrega JPS, Livramento JA, et al.: Administration of praziquantel in neurocysticercosis. Trop Med Parasitol 33:1, 1982.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Thomas H, Andrews P, Mehlhorn H: New results of the effect of praziquantel in experimental cysticercosis. Am J Trop Med Hyg 31:803, 1982.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Sotelo J, Escobedo F, Rodriguez-Carbajal J, et al.: Therapy of parenchymal brain cysticercosis with praziquantel. N Engl J Med 310:1001, 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sotelo J, Torres B, Rubio Donnadieu F, et al.: Praziquantel in the treatment of neurocysticercosis: long-term follow-up. Neurology (Cleveland) 35:752, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Trujillo WM, González-Barranco D, Sandoval JM, et al. Chemotherapy of human cisticercosis using Metrifonate. In Flisser A, Willms K, Laclette JP, et al. (eds.). Cisticercosis. Present State of Knowledge and Perspectives. Academic Press, New York, 1982, 219.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Téllez GE, Ramos CM, Dofourt D: Treatment of neurocyticercosis with Flubendazole. Am J Trop Med Hyg 33:627, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Sotelo J, Del Brutto OH: Therapy of neuro-cysticerosis. Childs Nerv Syst 3:208–211, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Escobedo F, González-Mariscal G, Revueita R, et al.: Surgical treatment of cerebral cysticercosis. In: Flisser A, Willms K, Laclette JP, et al. (eds.). Cysticercosis. Present State of Knowledge and Perspectives. New York, Academic Press, 1982, 201–205.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Locke GE, Byrd SE, Zant JD: Cerebral cysticercosis: Surgical considerations. Bull Clin Neurosci 48:93, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Rueda-Franco F: Surgical considerations in neurocysticercosis. Childs Nerv Syst 3:212, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Rueda-Franco

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations