Post-traumatic Cysts

  • Padraic O’Neill
Part of the Principles of Pediatric Neurosurgery book series (PRINCPEDIATR)


Although post-traumatic intracranial cysts are relatively rare lesions, the literature pertaining to these entities is quite extensive. Its value is somewhat limited, however, by the use of a multitude of different terms to describe the same pathological process. The embodiment of a hypothetical concept of pathogenesis in a particular descriptive term has frequently been a confusing influence and although custom appears to have justified certain usages, it has frequently been at the expense of clear understanding. For the purposes of this chapter a cyst is defined as a fluid-filled space surrounded by a membrane. The most generally accepted terminology will be used for each cyst type.


Subdural Haematoma Arachnoid Cyst Skull Fracture Dural Defect Chronic Subdural Hematoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Soloman NH: Subepicranial hydroma. NY State JMed 49:1324, 1949.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brozsan EJ, Grennan TL: Transient false meningocele: a clinical entity. Am J Surg 47: 334, 1940.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pia HW, Tonnis W: Die Wachsende Schadelfraktur Des Kindesalters. Zentralbl Neurochir 13:1–23, 1953.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Conner PS: Traumatic cephalohydrocele: a report of two cases. Am J Med Sei 88:103–110, 1884.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Smith T: Traumatic cephalohydrocele. St Barts Hosp Rep 20:233–240, 1884.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Billroth T: Ein Fall Von Meningocele Spuria Cum Fistula Ventriculi Cerebri. Arch Klin Chir 3:398–412,1862.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bailance CA: Some Points in the Surgery of the Brain and its Membranes. Macmillian, London, 1907.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pancoast HK, Pendergrass EP, Schaeffer JP: The Head and Neck in Roentgen Diagnosis. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, IL, 1940.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Pendergrass EP, Schaeffer JP, Hoden PJ: The Head and Neck in Roentgen Diagnosis, 2nd ed. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, IL, 1956.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Penfield W, Erickson TC: Epilepsy and Cerebral Localization. A Study of the Mechanism, Treatment and Prevention of Epileptic Seizures. Charles C Thomas, Springfield, IL, 1941.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rowbotham GF: Acute Injuries of the Head, Their Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications and Sequels, 2nd ed. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1945.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Dyke CG: The roentgen ray diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the skull and intracranial contents. In: Palmer WW (ed.). Nelson’s Loose-Leaf Medicine. T Nelson & Sons, New York, 1937, 6:185–214.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gruber FH: Post-traumatic leptomeningeal cysts. Am J Roentgenol 55:305–307, 1969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Higazi I: Post-traumatic leptomeningeal cysts of the brain. J Neurosurg 20:605–608, 1963.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Traveras JM, Ransohoff J: Leptomeningeal cysts of the brain following trauma with erosion of the skull. J Neurosurg 10:233–241, 1953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Howship J: Practical Observations in Surgery and Morbid Anatomy. Longman, Hurst, Revs, Orme and Brown, London; 1816.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rokitansky C: Lehrbuch Der Pathologischen Anatomie, 3rd ed. W Braumuller, Wein, 1856.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lende RA, Erickson TC: Growing skull fractures of childhood. J Neurosurg 18:479–489, 1961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ramamurthi B, Kalyanaraman S: Rationale for surgery in growing fractures of the skull. J Neurosurg 32:427–430, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vas CJ, Winn JM: Growing skull fractures. Dev Med Child Neurol 8:735–740, 1966.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Keener EB: An experimental study of reactions of the dura mater to wounding and loss of substance. J Neurosurg 16:424–447, 1959.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Goldstein F, Sakoda T, Kepes JJ, Davidson K, Brackett CE: Enlarging skull fractures: an experimental study. J Neurosurg 27:541–550, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stein BM, Tenner MS: Enlargement of skull fracture in childhood due to cerebral herniation. Arch Neurol 26:137–143, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ito H, Miwa T, Onodra Y: Growing skull fracture of childhood. Childs Brain 3:116–126, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Sekhar LN, Scarff MD: Pseudogrowth in skull fractures of childhood. Neurosurgery 6:285–289, 1980.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Page L: Comments. Neurosurgery 6:289, 1980.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Thompson JB, Mason TH, Haines GL, Cassidy RJ: Surgical management of diastatic linear skull fractures in infants. J Neurosurg 39:493–497, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Dunkser SB, McCreary HS: Leptomeningeal cyst of the posterior fossa. J Neurosurg 34:687–692, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hillman RSL, Kleffer SA, Ortiz H, Clubb R: Intraosseous leptomeningeal cysts of the posterior cranial fossa. Radiology 116:659–665, 1975.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Sartawi M, Schwartz FT, Fox JL: An unusual osteolytic lesion of the skull due to a traumatic arachnoid cyst. Neuroradiology 6:180–181, 1973.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Thompson RK: Cystic cerebellar arachnoiditis. J Neurosurg 3:461–467, 1946.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Horrax G: Generalised cisternal arachnoiditis simulating cerebellar tumour: its surgical treatment and end results. Arch Surg 9:95–112, 1924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Davidoff LM, Dyke CG: Relapsing juvenile chronic subdural haematoma. Bull Neurol Inst NY 7:95–111, 1938.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Taveras JM, Wood EH: Diagnostic neuroradiology. Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1976.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Tiberin P, Cruszkiewicz J: Chronic arachnoidal cysts of middle cranial fossa and their relation to trauma. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 24:86–91, 1961.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Sato K, Shimoji T, Yaguchi K, et al.: Middle fossa arachnoid cyst: clinical neuroradiological and surgical features. Childs Brain 10:301–316, 1983.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Nichols P, Manganiello LOJ: Traumatic arachnoidal cyst simulating acoustic neurinoma. J Neurosurg 10:538–539, 1953.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Jelsma F, Ross PJ: Traumatic intracranial arachnoidal cyst involving the gasserian ganglion. J Neurosurg 26:439–441, 1967.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Heschl R: Gehirndefect und Hydrocephalus. Vjschr Prakt Heilk 61:59–74, 1859.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Le Count ER, Semerak CB: Porencephaly. Arch Neurol Psychiatr 14:365–383, 1925.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Courville CB: Intracerebral haematoma: its pathology and pathogenesis. Arch Neurol Psychiatr 77:464–472,1957.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Schwartz P: Die Traumatischen Schädigungen Des Zentralnervensystems Durch Die Geburt. Anatomische Untersuchungen. Ergeb Inn Med Kinderheilkd 31:165–372, 1927.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Jaffe RH: Traumatic porencephaly. Arch Pathol 8:787–799, 1929.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Drew JH, Grant FC: Benign cysts of brain: analysis with comparison of results of operative and non-operative treatment in thirty cases. J Neurosurg 5:107–123, 1948.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Naef RW: Clinical features of porencephaly: review of 32 cases. Arch Neurol Psychiatr 80:133–147, 1958.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Barrett JW, Mendelsohn RA: Post-traumatic porencephaly in infancy: report of three unusual cases. J Neurosurg 23:522–527, 1965.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Williams HJ: Skull erosion complicating traumatic porencephaly in infancy. Am J Roentg 106:129–132, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Grant EG, Kerner M, Schellinger D, et al.: Evaluation of porencephalic cysts from intra-parenchymal haemorrhage in neonates. AJR 138:467–470, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Ingraham FD, Matson DD: Subdural haematoma in infancy. J Paediatr 24:1–37, 1944.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Christensen G, Husby J: Chronic subdural haematoma in infancy. Acta Neurol Scand 39:323, 1963.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Rabe EF, Flynn RE, Dodge PR: Subdural collections of fluid in infants and children. Neurology 18:559–570, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Collins WF, Pucci CL: Peritoneal drainage of subdural haematoma in infants. J Paediatr 58:482, 1961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Gardner WJ: Traumatic subdural haematoma with particular reference to latent interval. Arch Neurol Psychiatr (Chicago) 27:847, 1932.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Gitlin D: Pathogenesis of subdural collections of fluid. Paediatrics 16:345–352, 1955.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Rabe EF, Flynn RE, Dodge PR: A study of subdural effusions in an infant (with particular reference to the mechanisms of their persistence). Neurology 12:79–92, 1962.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Peet MM, Kahn EA: Subdural haematoma in infants. JAMA 18:1851–1856, 1932.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Moyes PP, Thompson GB, Cluff JW: Subdural-peritoneal shunts in the treatment of subdural effusions in infants. J Neurosurg 23:584, 1965.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Ransohoff J: Chronic subdural haematoma treated by subdural-pleural shunt. Paediatrics 20:561–563, 1957.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Till K: Subdural haematoma and effusion in infancy. Br Med J 3:400–402, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Padraic O’Neill

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations