Experimental and Theoretical Foundations of Behavior Modification



The importance of the subject matter of this volume, which deals with issues of the assessment and treatment of human psychological disturbance, cannot be overstressed. A dramatic increase has occurred in the number of individuals requesting solutions to their psychological problems. The cost to society in terms of human suffering, loss of productivity, and dollars is staggering. It was not until World War II that the extent of this problem was recognized. Nearly 5 million men in the United States, almost 1 out of 5, were rejected for military service, and many thousands were discharged following acceptance because of neuropsychiatric problems. The seriousness of the problems was even more clearly demonstrated in the Midtown Manhattan Study conducted by Srole and his co-workers (1962). These investigators reported that fewer than 1 out of 4 persons was judged to be psychologically healthy, and nearly 1 out of 5 persons was considered “incapacitated” by psychological disturbance. Adding to this conclusion is Lemkow and Crocetti’s (1958) estimate that between 14 and 20 of every 1, 000 children born will be hospitalized in a mental institution within their lifetime. Recent attention has also been focused on the possibility that a large percentage of the presenting physical health problems may be affected by and related to psychological factors.


Avoidance Behavior Classical Conditioning General Issue Avoidance Learning Maladaptive Behavior 
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Copyright information

© Plenum Press, New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyState University of New York at BinghamtonBinghamtonUSA

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