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Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Body Building and Abuse of Anabolic Steroids

  • Nikolaus Netzer
  • Martin Huonker
  • Peter Werner
  • Hugo Prelicz
  • Josef Keul
  • Heinrich Matthys
Chapter
  • 173 Downloads

Abstract

From examination of nocturnal breathing pauses in the Sleep Laboratory, sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) can frequently be diagnosed. In at least 80% of such cases, obstructive SAS can be diagnosed, while for the remainder disorders of central neural respiratory control are likely to be the cause.

Keywords

Obstructive Sleep Apnea Sleep Apnea Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Anabolic Steroid Arterial Oxygen Saturation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolaus Netzer
    • 1
  • Martin Huonker
    • 1
  • Peter Werner
    • 1
  • Hugo Prelicz
    • 1
  • Josef Keul
    • 1
  • Heinrich Matthys
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Pulmonary Medicine and Section of Sports Medicine Department of MedicineUniversity Hospital, Freiburg UniversityFreiburgGermany

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