Cardiopulmonary and Metabolic Responses to Upper Body Exercise

  • Jürgen M. Steinacker


Underfstanding of physiological responses to upper body exercise is important and meaningful. Muscles of the upper body are not only involved in many daily work routines at home and at work, but also in many kinds of sports (10,14,22,24,34). Upper body exercise can be used also for exercise testing in clinical conditions in which leg exercise is either limited or inconvenient due to amputations, peripheral arterial occlusive disease, arthritis and many other disabilities (2,12,32,36).


Work Rate Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease Work Efficiency Ergometer Exercise Body Exercise 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jürgen M. Steinacker
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung Sport- und Leistungsmedizin Medizinische KlinikPoliklinik Universität UlmUlmGermany

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