Death in Sports
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For many people, sports represent an important component of their leisure time. The positive effects of sports on physical performance and health are indisputable. Sports are therefore frequently used in the prevention and therapy of different diseases. Nevertheless, there are numerous reports of individuals dying from a range of causes while performing sports (1,2, 3, 4, 5, 6,8). Furthermore, considerable public interest is aroused by the often sensational reporting of these events in the media (7). In the scientific literature, the cause of death during the performance of sport is usually subdivided into traumatic or non-traumatic categories (4,6). In the majority of cases, cardiac events are held responsible for non-traumatic deaths. The most usual reasons for cardiac death are hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and also other cardiovascular abnormalities including congenital coronary artery anomalies and valvular disease if the athletes are younger, and coronary artery disease if they are older (i.e. over 35 years) (2,5). In this retrospective study, the causes of death were compared between team sports and individual sports.
KeywordsHypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Team Sport Cardiovascular Abnormality Traumatic Death Coronary Artery Anomaly
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