Exercise Physiology and the Immune System

  • Bente Klarlund Pedersen
  • Thomas Rohde


It has been suggested that the immunological responses to exercise are a subset of the physical stress reactions that characterize surgery, thermal and traumatic injury, haemorrhagic shock and acute myocardial infarction (1). Therefore, acute exercise can be viewed as a prototype for studying the effects of physical factors on the immune system (2).


Growth Hormone Natural Killer Cell Eccentric Exercise Natural Killer Cell Activity Acute Exercise 
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  1. 1.
    Pedersen, B. K., M. Kappel, M. Klokker, H. B. Nielsen, N. H. Secher. The immune system during exposure to extreme physiologic conditions. Int J Sports Med 15:116, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Hoffman-Goetz, L. and B. K. Pedersen. Exercise and the immune system: a model of the stress response? Immunology Today 15:382, 1994.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    McCarthy, D. A. and M. M. Dale. The leucocytosis of exercise: a review and model. Sports Med 5:282, 1988.Google Scholar
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    Mackinnon, L. T. and S. Hooper. Mucosal (secretory) immune system responses to exercise of varying intensity and during overtraining. Int J Sports Med 15:S179, 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bente Klarlund Pedersen
    • 1
  • Thomas Rohde
    • 1
  1. 1.The Copenhagen Muscle Research CentreDepartment of Infectious DiseasesRigshospitaletDenmark

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