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Optical Imaging of Breast Tumor by Means of Continuous Waves

  • S. Nioka
  • Y. Yung
  • M. Shnall
  • S. Zhao
  • S. Orel
  • C. Xie
  • B. Chance
  • L. Solin
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 411)

Abstract

Early detection of breast cancer is one of the keys to decrease the mortality of this epidemic disease. Since the time that the NIH recommended X-ray mammography for an annual screening for women over 50 years of age (1), the mortality has indeed dramatically reduced (2). However, there are some concerns about the use of X-ray mammography; we consider the X-ray to be an unsatisfactory technique for this screening purpose. X-ray mammography is insensitive to one-fourth of cancer cases and itself is carcinogenic. It does not penetrate dense breasts, and is generally not applied to women under 40 years of age.

Keywords

Contrast Agent Continuous Wave Consensus Development Conference Statement Rytov Approximation Oxygen Image 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    O’Leary, MA, DA. Boas, B. Chance, AG. Yodh. Simultaneous scattering and absorption images of heterogeneous media using diffusive waves within the Rytov approximation. SPIE 2389:320–327, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Nioka, S. M. Shnall, M. Miwa, S. Orel, M. Haida, S. Zhao and B. Chance. Photon imaging of human breast cancer. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. 16:171–179, 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Vaupel, P. DK. Kelleher, M. Gunderoth (eds) Tumor oxygenation. Stuttgart, New York Fisher, 1995Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Nioka
    • 1
  • Y. Yung
    • 1
  • M. Shnall
    • 2
  • S. Zhao
    • 1
  • S. Orel
    • 2
  • C. Xie
    • 1
  • B. Chance
    • 1
  • L. Solin
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry/BiophysicsUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.Department of OncologyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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